- A bill may be introduced in the House or Senate.
- Each bill is assigned a number, read by title and sponsor,
and referred to a standing committee by the Committee on
- Committee meetings are open to the public.
- When there is sufficient interest in a subject, a public
hearing is held.
- A bill may be reported out of committee with one of the
following reports: favorable, favorable with amendments,
favorable with committee substitute, unfavorable, or without
- A committee can kill a bill by failing to act on it.
- When a committee reports a bill favorably, the bill is given
its first reading and is placed in the Calendar
for the following day.
- The bill is read by title a second time and sent to the
- The Rules Committee may recommit the bill or place it in
Orders of the Day for a specific day.
- "I move that House Bill 100 be taken from the Orders of the
Day, read for the third time by title only, and placed upon its
passage." This motion, usually by the majority floor leader, is
adopted by voice vote, and the floor is open for debate.
- Following debate and amendments, a final vote on the bill is
- To pass, a bill must be approved by at least two-fifths of
the members of the chamber (40 representatives or 16 senators)
and a majority of the members present and voting.
- If the bill contains an appropriation of funds or an
emergency clause, it must be approved by a majority of the
members elected to each house (51 representatives and 20
- If a bill is defeated, another vote is not likely unless two
members who voted against it request its reconsideration, and a
- If a bill passes in one house, it is sent to the other
chamber, where it follows much the same procedure.
- Both houses must agree on the final form of each bill.
- If either house fails to concur in amendments, the
differences may be reconciled by a "conference committee" of
senators and representatives.
- Changes agreed to by this conference committee are
subject to approval by both houses.
- After passage by both houses, a bill is read carefully to
make sure the final wording is correct.
- The bill is signed by the presiding officer of each house
and sent to the Governor.
- The Governor may sign a bill, permit it to become law
without signature, or veto it.
- The Governor has 10 days (excluding Sundays) to act on a
bill after it is received.
- The bill may be passed over the Governor's veto by a
majority of the members of both houses.