RECODIFIED FROM 907 KAR 1:660

September 30, 2013

 

      907 KAR 20:040. Relative responsibility requirements for Medicaid.

 

      RELATES TO: KRS 205.520(3)

      STATUTORY AUTHORITY: KRS 194A.030(2), 194A.050(1), 205.520(3), 42 C.F.R. 435 Subparts G, H, I, EO 2004-726

      NECESSITY, FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: EO 2004-726, effective July 9, 2004, reorganized the Cabinet for Health Services and placed the Department for Medicaid Services and the Medicaid Program under the Cabinet for Health and Family Services. The Cabinet for Health and Family Services has responsibility to administer the Medicaid Program. KRS 205.520(3) authorizes the cabinet, by administrative regulation, to comply with any requirement that may be imposed or opportunity presented by federal law for the provisions of medical assistance to Kentucky's indigent citizenry. This administrative regulation establishes resource and income considerations by which Medicaid eligibility is determined.

 

      Section 1. Definitions. (1) "ABD" means a person who is aged, blind, or disabled.

      (2) "Adult scale" means the scale located in 907 KAR 1:640, Section 2(1), establishing Medicaid income limits by family size.

      (3) "AFDC" means aid to families with dependent children.

      (4) "AFDC-related case" means a Medicaid-eligible, categorically-needy individual or group based upon AFDC Program requirements effective since July 16, 1996.

      (5) "After the month of separation" means the first day of the month that follows the month in which an individual ceases living in the same household of a Medicaid eligible family.

      (6) "Family-related case" or "family case" means a Medicaid-eligible, medically-needy group based on deprivation and within the medically-needy income level.

      (7) "Medically-needy income level" or "MNIL" means the basic maintenance standard used in the determination of Medicaid eligibility for the medically needy.

      (8) "Month of separation" means the month in which an individual ceases living in the same household of a Medicaid eligible family.

      (9) "SSI" means supplemental security income.

      (10) "SSI essential person, spouse, or nonspouse" means an individual necessary to an SSI recipient to enable the SSI recipient to be self-supporting.

 

      Section 2. Treatment of Income and Resources for a Parent, Dependent Child, ABD Applicant or Recipient. (1) A spouse shall be considered responsible for a spouse.

      (2) A parent shall be considered responsible for a dependent minor child.

      (3) Excluding a child age eighteen (18) and above who is blind or disabled and for purposes of deeming income and resources, a child under age twenty-one (21) living with a parent shall be considered a dependent minor child even if the child is emancipated under state law.

      (4) Responsibility regarding income and resources shall be determined as follows:

      (a) For an ABD applicant or a recipient living with an eligible spouse, total resources and adjusted income of the couple shall be considered in relation to the resource and income limitations for a family size of two (2), or if a dependent lives with the couple, the appropriate family size shall include any dependent living with the couple.

      (b) For an ABD applicant or a recipient living with an ineligible spouse, income from the ineligible spouse shall be deemed as available to the eligible spouse as outlined below.

      1. Determine the potential spend-down amount of the eligible individual by comparing the countable income, as determined in accordance with 907 KAR 1:640, to the MNIL for one (1) as shown in 907 KAR 1:640, Section 2(1).

      2. Allocate to other dependents in the household from the ineligible spouse's income an amount equal to one-half (1/2) of the MNIL for a family size of one (1) for each dependent.

      3. If the ineligible spouse's income is more than the difference between the MNIL for one (1) and MNIL for two (2), combine the income of the ineligible spouse with that of the eligible individual and compare that figure with the MNIL for one (1) to determine continuing eligibility or the spend-down amount. If the ineligible spouse's income is less than the difference between MNIL for one (1) and MNIL for two (2), the income shall be disregarded and the income of the eligible individual shall be compared with the MNIL for a family size of one (1).

      4. Compare the amount resulting from subparagraph 1 of this paragraph with the result of subparagraph 3 of this paragraph and determine eligibility using the spend-down amount, if any, which is greater.

      5. Resources shall be considered in the same manner as for an eligible spouse.

      (c) For an ABD couple living apart for any reason and both of whom are concurrently applying for or receiving Medicaid only, income and resources shall be considered in relation to resource and income limitations for a family size of one (1) after the month of separation, or if any other dependent lives with either spouse, the family size shall include any dependent in the month following the month of separation. Eligibility shall be determined on a couple basis for the month of separation.

      (d) For an ABD individual living apart from a spouse who is not a recipient of Medicaid only, eligibility shall be determined on a couple basis for the month of separation and on an individual basis after the month of separation.

      (e) The following shall be considered a resource for an individual considered to be single in accordance with paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section and who has a jointly-held checking or savings account with his or her spouse:

      1. The entire jointly-held checking or savings account if it may be accessed independently of the spouse; or

      2. One-half (1/2) of the jointly-held checking or savings account if it may not be accessed independently of the spouse.

      (f) For AFDC-related Medicaid, total resources and adjusted income of a parent and child for whom an application is made shall be considered in relation to limitations for family size, except that the income and resources of an SSI parent and the SSI essential person spouse whose Medicaid eligibility is based on inclusion in the SSI case shall be excluded. Resources and income of an SSI essential person, spouse or nonspouse, whose Medicaid eligibility is not based on inclusion in the SSI case shall be considered.

      (g) For a child who is blind or disabled and under eighteen (18) living with a parent (including a stepparent, if applicable), total resources and adjusted income of the parent shall be related to limitations for family size, including the applicant or recipient child and any other dependent child of the parent using the adult scale.

      (h) For AFDC-related Medicaid, income and resources of a parent shall not be considered available to a child living apart from the parent, but any continuing contribution actually made shall be considered as income. For comparison with the resource and income limitations, the child's individual resources and income shall be considered in relation to a family size of one (1). The following criteria shall be used to determine whether an AFDC-related Medicaid child who has been living with a parent and is institutionalized in a psychiatric facility (mental hospital or psychiatric residential treatment facility) shall be considered as living apart from his parents:

      1. Unless he or she has been in a psychiatric facility for thirty (30) or more days, a child shall be considered as living with a parent. Beginning with the 31st day in a facility, a child shall be considered living apart from his or her parent.

      2. A child who is institutionalized in a psychiatric facility but is legally committed to or in the custody of the Cabinet for Families and Children shall not be considered as living with a parent.

      (i) Excluding a child, if an AFDC-related Medicaid recipient has income and resources considered in relation to family size and enters a nursing facility, his or her income and resources shall be considered in the case for up to one (1) year with the individual allowed the basic maintenance standard as established in 907 KAR 1:655, Section 4(2).

      (j)1. If a child in an AFDC-related Medicaid case is in a nursing facility, eligibility of the child shall continue in the case for up to a year but his or her liability for the cost of care shall be determined by:

      a. Allowing to the child from his or her own income the basic maintenance standard as established in 907 KAR 1:655, Section 4(2); and

      b. Considering the remainder available for the cost of care.

      2. A welfare payment made to a child under subparagraph 1 of this paragraph shall be disregarded when determining liability for cost of care.

      3. The eligibility of the individual, with regard to income and resources, shall be determined on the basis of living apart from the other family members if it becomes apparent that the separation will last for more than one (1) year.

 

      Section 3. Treatment of Income and Resources of a Stepparent or Parent of a Minor Parent Referred to as a "Grandparent". (1) An incapacitated stepparent's income or a grandparent's income shall be considered in the same manner as for a parent if the stepparent or grandparent is included in the family case.

      (2) If a stepparent or grandparent living in the home is not being included in the family case:

      (a) The stepparent's gross income shall be considered available to the spouse; or

      (b) The grandparent's gross income shall be considered available to the minor parent in accordance with 907 KAR 1:640, Section 4.

      (3) If a stepparent or grandparent has income remaining available after disregards and exclusions are applied, the remaining income shall:

      (a) Not be deemed to a stepchild or grandchild; and

      (b) Be deemed to:

      1. The stepparent’s spouse; or

      2. To a minor parent who is a child of the grandparent.

      (4) Eligibility of a stepchild or grandchild shall be determined in the following manner:

      (a) The only income to be considered shall be the income of:

      1. The grandchild and minor parent; or

      2. The stepchild and spouse of the stepparent;

      (b) The budget size shall include the child and parent;

      (c) If there is no excess income, the child shall be eligible; and

      (d) If there is excess income, the excess amount may be spent down in accordance with 907 KAR 1:640, Section 9.

      (5)(a) To determine separate eligibility of a minor parent of a grandchild or spouse of a stepparent:

      1. If the eligibility of the grandparent or stepparent is not to be determined, consider:

      a. The income of the child and his parent; and

      b. The actual amount available for deeming from the grandparent or stepparent.

      2. The budget size shall include the child and parent but not the grandparent or stepparent.

      3. If there is no excess income, the minor parent or spouse of a stepparent shall be eligible.

      4. If there is excess income, the excess amount may be spent down in accordance with 907 KAR 1:640, Section 9.

      (b) If a grandparent of a minor parent or a stepparent (spouse of the parent with children) are to be included in a case, eligibility of the minor parent or spouse shall not be determined separately but shall be determined in combination with that of the grandparent or stepparent.

      1. The combined eligibility of the minor parent and grandparent, or spouse and incapacitated stepparent, shall be determined, as appropriate, using the available income of the:

      a. Grandparent or stepparent;

      b. The minor parent or spouse of the stepparent; and

      c. The grandchild or stepchild.

      2. If the grandparent or incapacitated stepparent is included in the case, the amount excluded for the needs of the grandparent or stepparent in the determination of available income in subsection (2) of this section shall be considered as available income for purposes of this determination of eligibility.

      3. If there is no excess income, the minor parent and grandparent or spouse and incapacitated stepparent shall be eligible.

      4. If there is excess income, the excess amount may be spent down in accordance with 907 KAR 1:640, Section 9.

      (6) If eligibility is being determined for an individual or a family group with excess income, uncovered incurred medical expenses of the individual, family group or financially responsible relative shall be used to meet each spend-down amount.

      (7) An incapacitated stepparent's resources or a grandparent's resources shall be considered in the same manner as for a parent if the stepparent or grandparent is included in the family case.

      (8) If a stepparent or grandparent living in the home is not included in the family case, the stepparent's resources shall be considered available to the spouse of the stepparent or the grandparent's resources shall be considered available to the minor parent (child of the grandparent) but not to a stepchild or grandchild.

      (9) Only the resources of the following shall be considered to determine a stepchild or grandchild’s eligibility:

      (a) The grandchild and minor parent; or

      (b) The stepchild and parent.

 

      Section 4. Companion Cases. If a spouse or parent and child living in the same household apply separately for assistance, relative responsibility shall be taken into consideration.

      (1) For a dependent child application, the income, resources and needs of the parent shall be included in the determination of need of the child even if the parent applies for assistance for himself on the basis of age, blindness, or disability (except as shown in subsection (3) of this section).

      (2) For a spouse, income and resources of both spouses shall be combined and compared against the medically-needy income and resources limits for a family size of two (2) even though a separate determination of eligibility shall be made for each individual.

      (3) For a family with a child with a parent eligible for SSI, neither the income, resources, nor needs of the SSI eligible individual shall be included in the determination of eligibility of the children.

      (4)(a)1. A parent in an AFDC-related Medicaid case may request that one (1) or more children be technically excluded from the determination of eligibility due to income while a regular application for Medicaid eligibility is processed for other children in the family group.

      2. In this circumstance, the income and resources of each technically excluded child and each technically excluded child's needs shall be excluded in the budgeting process when determining eligibility of the family group.

      3. A separate spend-down case may be established for each technically excluded child.

      4. The income, resources and needs of the responsible relative or parent shall be included in the budget process.

      (b)1. Income disregards, and needs of siblings in the other case may also be included in budgeting for the spend-down case if that works to the advantage of the technically excluded child for whom eligibility is being determined in the spend-down case.

      2. Excess income in the spend-down case may be spent down using uncovered incurred medical care costs of a financially responsible relative or any member of the family.

      (5) The needs of a sibling living in the household under the age of twenty-one (21) not requesting assistance, may be included in an AFDC-related Medicaid case if it works to the advantage of the family group.

 

      Section 5. Appeals. (1) An appeal of a negative action taken by the Department for Medicaid Services regarding a Medicaid recipient shall be in accordance with 907 KAR 1:563.

      (2) An appeal of a negative action taken by the Department for Medicaid Services regarding Medicaid eligibility of an individual shall be in accordance with 907 KAR 1:560. (21 Ky.R. 2885; Am. 22 Ky.R. 300; eff. 7-26-95; 28 Ky.R. 2103; 2353; eff. 4-30-2002; Recodified from 907 KAR 1:660, 9-30-2013.)