††††† 902 KAR 10:085. Kentucky on-site sewage disposal systems.

 

††††† RELATES TO: KRS 194A.050(2), 211.015, 211.350-211.380, 211.990(2)

††††† STATUTORY AUTHORITY: KRS 194A.050(1), 211.090(3), 211.180(1)(d)

††††† NECESSITY, FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS 211.180(1)(d) requires the cabinet to regulate the construction, installation, or alteration of any on-site sewage disposal system, except for a system with a surface discharge, regulated by KRS 224.10-100(19). This administrative regulation establishes uniform standards for on-site sewage disposal systems. The function of this administrative regulation is to assure the construction, installation, or alteration of an on-site sewage disposal system is performed in such a manner as to protect public health and the environment.

 

††††† Section 1. Definitions. (1) "Alter" means to make a physical change in the original design, sizing, layout, components, location, or method of operation, individually or in combination, of an existing on-site sewage disposal system, as a result of necessary repair or change in wasteload volume or characteristics.

††††† (2) "Approved" means acceptable to the cabinet for the proposed use.

††††† (3) "Area subject to flooding" damage means an area:

††††† (a) Subject to surface ponding of rainfall runoff one (1) or more times each year, for more than seven (7) consecutive days;

††††† (b) In a floodplain or drainageway with visible evidence of stream scouring, pot-holing, gully or ravine formation; or

††††† (c) Within a karst depression subject to backwater flooding from a subsurface conduit.

††††† (4) "Artificial drainage system" means:

††††† (a) A manmade system of surface ditching or berming to divert surface water run-off;

††††† (b) A curtain or vertical drain for interception and diversion of lateral groundwater flow; or

††††† (c) Underdrain for lowering the level of a high water table.

††††† (5) "Blackwater" means wastewater containing liquid and solid waste generated through use of a urinal, water closet, garbage disposal, or a similar sanitary fixture used in a residential, commercial, institutional, or recreational facility.

††††† (6) "BOD-5" means five (5) day biochemical oxygen demand.

††††† (7) "Cabinet" is defined at KRS 211.015(1)(a).

††††† (8) "Certified inspector" means an individual certified under the provisions of KRS 211.360.

††††† (9) "Certified installer" means an individual certified under the provisions of KRS 211.357.

††††† (10) "Clay" means a mineral soil separate consisting of particles less than 0.002 mm in equivalent diameter.

††††† (11) "Cluster system" means a system designed to:

††††† (a) Accept effluent from more than one (1) structure's or facility's sewage pretreatment unit;

††††† (b) Transport the collected effluent through a sewer system to one (1) or more common subsurface soil treatment and dispersal system of conventional, modified, or alternative design.

††††† (12) "Effluent" means the liquid discharge of a septic tank or other sewage pretreatment unit.

††††† (13) "Fog" means fats, oils, and grease.

††††† (14) "Gravelless pipe" means large diameter perforated piping encased in a synthetic filter material, designed for use in a lateral field trench without trench rock or gravel fill material.

††††† (15) "Grease" is defined at KRS 211.970(3).

††††† (16) "Grease trap" is defined at KRS 211.970(4).

††††† (17) "Greywater" means wastewater generated by hygiene activities in a residential, commercial, institutional, or recreational facility, excluding blackwater.

(18) "Karst" means a type of topography formed over limestone, dolomite, or other soluble rock, by dissolving or solution, and characterized by sinkholes, caves, and underground drainage. Groundwater flow in karst occurs principally in conduits and is turbulent.

††††† (19) "Landscape position" means the location of an area on a site being evaluated for the proposed installation of an on-site sewage disposal system, relative to the surrounding topographic relief of the land surface. Landscape positions are defined as follows:

††††† (a) Hill or ridge top: the relatively level area occupying the summit of a hill or ridge.

††††† (b) Shoulder slope: the transitional area immediately adjacent to the hill or ridge top where the slope begins to increase downward.

††††† (c) Side slope: the slightly to steeply sloping portion of a hillside lying between the shoulder and foot slopes.

††††† (d) Foot slope: the slightly to steeply sloping portion of a hillside near the base or lowest point of elevation.

††††† (e) Toe slope: the lowest point of elevation at the base of a hillside; generally concave in cross-sectional profile.

††††† (f) Terrace, natural: a naturally occurring elevated shelf of level to slightly sloping character adjacent to current or former streams and drainageways.

††††† (g) Terrace, artificial: a manmade elevated shelf or bench created by excavating into a slope, or placing fill, along the contour.

††††† (h) Flood plain: level to slightly sloping areas adjacent to streams or other bodies of water subject to flooding for extended periods, or other flood-prone areas such as sinkholes or other surface depressions.

††††† (i) Depressions: sinkholes or other areas with a concave or cupped cross-sectional profile and lacking surface drainage outlets.

††††† (j) Drainageway: an area in the landscape with slight to steeply sloping sides which causes accumulation of surface and groundwater and channels it to surface or subsurface drainage outlets.

††††† (k) Convex slope: a sloping area with a humped or upwardly bowed cross-sectional profile which promotes dispersal of surface and groundwater.

††††† (l) Concave slope: a sloping area with a cupped or downwardly bowed cross-sectional profile which causes accumulation of surface and groundwater.

††††† (20) "Lateral field" means that portion of an on-site sewage treatment and dispersal system which consists of subsurface trenches or beds containing materials, components, or devices for maintaining exposed soil surfaces and a means to distribute effluent to those surfaces.

††††† (21) "Low pressure pipe system" or "LPP system" means an on-site sewage disposal system consisting of a sewage pretreatment unit, a dosing tank with pump or siphon, a pressurized supply line, manifold, lateral field, and necessary control devices and appurtenances.

††††† (22) "Leaching chamber" means a specially designed component for use in lateral fields which forms an open bottomed chamber or conduit over the soil absorption surface.

††††† (23) "Mottling" means spots or blotches of different colors or hues interspersed with the dominant color of a soil, created by three (3) basic processes:

††††† (a) Groundwater saturation of the soil for varying periods of time, causing reducing conditions to occur which chemically bleach or fade soil colorants, evidenced by soft concretions or soil color of chroma two (2) or less by Munsell notation;

††††† (b) Parent material weathering, evidenced by relic fragments of more durable parent material encapsulated within a mottle of weathering mineral material;

††††† (c) Mechanical disturbance of soils by cutting, filling, compaction, landslide, or other means, evidenced in commingling of soil types and destruction of original internal drainage pathways.

††††† (24) "Overflow piping" means a system composed of a supported, vertically-oriented tee connected to a nonperforated gravity flow plastic pipe that conducts overflow to distribution boxes of the lateral field.

††††† (25) "On-site sewage disposal system" or "on-site sewage system" or "on-site system" means a system installed on a parcel of land, under the control or ownership of a person, which accepts sewage for treatment and ultimate disposal under the surface of the ground, including:

††††† (a) A conventional system consisting of a sewage pretreatment unit, distribution devices and lateral piping within rock-filled trenches or beds;

††††† (b) A modified system consisting of a conventional system enhanced by shallow trench or bed placement, artificial drainage systems, dosing, alternating lateral fields, fill soil over the lateral field, or other necessary modifications to the site, system or wasteload to overcome site limitations;

††††† (c) An alternative system consisting of a sewage pretreatment unit, necessary site modifications, wasteload modifications, and a subsurface soil treatment and dispersal system using other methods and technologies than a conventional or modified system to overcome site limitations;

††††† (d) A cluster system; and

††††† (e) A holding tank which provides limited pretreatment and storage for off-site disposal where site limitations preclude immediate installation of a subsurface soil treatment and dispersal system, or connection to a municipal sewer.

††††† (26) "Parent material" means weathering fragments of bedrock underlying a soil, colluvial or alluvial deposits, loess deposits, or glacial tills from which the soil is being formed.

††††† (27) "Perched water table" means a saturated zone as identified by free water, or soft concretions, or soil color of chroma 2 or less, overlying an impermeable horizon and generally above the permanent water table.

††††† (28) "Permanent water table" means the zone of soil and parent material saturation by groundwater which remains relatively constant unless acted upon by artificial means of drainage or severe weather conditions. This zone is evidenced by free water or soil colors of black (due to high organic content), grays, blues, or olive greens.

††††† (29) "Permeability test" means a scientific procedure using lysimeters and other instrumentation to determine the saturated hydraulic conductivity of site specific soil horizons.

††††† (30) "Person" is defined at KRS 211.972(6).

††††† (31) "Plastic limit" means the moisture content at which a soil changes from a semisolid to plastic.

††††† (32) "Professional engineer" means an engineer licensed under the provisions of KRS Chapter 322.

††††† (33) "Puddling" means the creation of a thin restrictive horizon atop and within an exposed soil surface by deposition of waterborne silt or clay-sized soil particles.

††††† (34) "Repair area" means an area, either in its natural state or which is capable of being modified, consistent with this administrative regulation, which is reserved for the installation of an additional lateral field and is not covered with permanent structures or impervious materials.

††††† (35) "Residential septic tank effluent" means the liquid discharge having the constituency and strength typical of liquid discharges from a domestic household septic tank pretreatment unit. Effluent from a residential septic tank is generally considered to have waste strength values equal to or less than the following monthly averages: twenty (20) mg/l of FOG, 250 mg/l of BOD-5, and 155 mg/l of TSS monthly average is equal to the sum of measurements taken over thirty (30) consecutive days, with at least six (6) measurements occurring on six (6) separate days, divided by the number of measurements taken during the thirty (30) day period.

††††† (36) "Restrictive horizon" means a soil horizon relatively impervious to the movement of groundwater or effluent, and includes:

††††† (a) Mineralogically-cemented soil aggregates such as fragipans or iron pans; or

††††† (b) Naturally-formed structureless soils (massive structural grade); or

††††† (c) Naturally-formed horizontally structured soil (platy structure); or

††††† (d) Claypan, a compact, slowly permeable layer in the subsoil having a much higher clay content than the overlying material, from which it is separated by a sharply-defined boundary. Clay pans are usually hard when dry, and plastic and sticky when wet; or

††††† (e) Structurally-destroyed soils where mechanical compression forces the plastic limit of the soil to be exceeded, such as traffic pans, plow plans, and compacted fill.

††††† (37) "Rock" means the consolidated or partially consolidated mineral matter or aggregate, including weathered rock not exhibiting soil properties, and exposed at the surface or overlain by soil.

††††† (38) "Sand" means a mineral soil separate consisting of particles between two (2) and 0.05 mm in diameter.

††††† (39) "Seasonal high water table" means the upper level of a zone of soil and parent material saturation over restrictive horizons or the permanent water table, which may vary with weather conditions.

††††† (40) "Soil compaction" means permanent damage to, or destruction of, natural soil structural features by mechanical compression or puddling, which restricts or prevents natural air and water movement through the soil.

††††† (41) "System replacement area" means a parcel of land, under the control of an on-site system owner, reserved for system alteration, expansion, or replacement.

††††† (42) "Secretary" is defined at KRS 211.015(1)(c).

††††† (43) "Sewage" means blackwater and greywater wastes generated in a residential, commercial, institutional, or recreational facility.

††††† (44) "Sewage pretreatment unit" is defined at KRS 211.970(9).

††††† (45) "Silt" means a mineral soil separate consisting of particles between 0.05 mm and 0.002 mm in diameter.

††††† (46) "Sinkhole" means a naturally-occurring depression in soil or bedrock formed in a karst area by the removal of earth material from below the land surface, circumscribed by a closed topographic contour, and lacking a surface drainage outlet.

††††† (47) "Sinkhole sideslope midpoint" means the line of equal elevation along the midpoint between the footslope and the shoulder slope.

††††† (48) "Sinkhole throat" means an outlet for a sinkhole allowing runoff from the drainage basin of the sinkhole to flow directly into the ground.

††††† (49) "Site" means an area or parcel of land, under the control of any person, on which on-site sewage disposal system(s) serving any structures or facilities are to be located.

††††† (50) "Slope" means the deviation of the surface of the land from true horizontal, measured as the rise or fall in feet and inches from a fixed point to another point 100 feet distant, normally expressed as a percentage of slope.

††††† (51) "Soil" means the naturally occurring unconsolidated mineral and organic material of the land surface, consisting of sand, silt and clay minerals, variable amounts of organic materials, and void areas between mineral and organic matter particles.

††††† (52) "Soil absorption" means the movement of effluent into and through interconnected voids within the soil.

††††† (53) "Soil horizon" means a layer of soil, soil material, rock fragments and other unconsolidated material approximately parallel to the land surface and differing from adjacent genetically related layers in physical, chemical, and biological properties or characteristics such as color, structure, texture, consistence, pH.

††††† (54) "Soil map" means a map showing the distribution of soil series or other soil mapping units in relation to the prominent physical and cultural features of the earth's surface.

††††† (55) "Soil morphology" means the physical constitution, particularly the structural properties, of a soil profile as exhibited by the kinds, thickness, and the arrangement of the horizons in the profile, and by the texture, structure, uniformity, and internal soil drainage of each horizon.

††††† (56) "Soil series" means a basic unit of soil classification, and consisting of soils which are essentially alike in all major profile characteristics.

††††† (57) "Soil structure" means the combination or arrangement of individual soil particles into definable aggregates, or peds, which are characterized and classified on the basis of size, shape, and degree of distinctness.

††††† (58) "Soil survey" means the systematic examination, description, classification, and mapping of soils in an area.

††††† (59) "Soil tests" means tests and evaluations of soil morphology and land features required to complete a site evaluation for a proposed site.

††††† (60) "Soil texture" means the relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay in a soil, and may include particles greater than two (2) mm in diameter, such as gravel, cobblestones, flagstones, and chert.

††††† (61) "Subdivision" means the separation of a parcel or tract of land into two (2) or more parcels or tracts for the purpose of development into residential, commercial, or public building sites.

††††† (62) "Subsoil" means, in general, that part of the soil below the A horizon.

††††† (63) "Subsurface soil treatment and dispersal system" means that portion of an on-site sewage disposal system which accepts effluent from a sewage pretreatment unit for further treatment by microbial, plant, and animal life within the soil, as well as treatment by filtration, chemical decomposition, and bonding within the soil itself, and consists of:

††††† (a) Devices, components, and piping to:

††††† 1. Transport effluent under pressure or by gravity flow; and

††††† 2. Distribute the effluent to the soil absorption surfaces;

††††† (b) Trenches, beds, chambers, mounds, lagoons, separately or in combination, which form or enclose the soil absorption surfaces;

††††† (c) Rock, gravel, or other fill materials required within the system, including barrier materials, and fill soil within or over the system.

††††† (64) "Textural class" means soil groupings based upon a specified range in texture.

††††† (65) "Topsoil" means:

††††† (a) The A or Ap horizon, as defined in the Soil Survey Manual, 1993, Soil Survey Division Staff, USDA Handbook No. 18.

††††† (66) "Variance" means a waiver of certain specified requirements of this administrative regulation granted by the cabinet.

 

††††† Section 2. Site Approval Procedures. (1) Individual site approval procedures.

††††† (a) A person seeking approval of an individual site for the installation of an on-site sewage disposal system or alteration of an existing lateral field shall submit:

††††† 1. The required fee; and

††††† 2. A completed application including a basic site plan drawing showing the following information:

††††† (i) Specific address or location of the site;

††††† (ii) Site boundary lines and dimensions of the site;

††††† (iii) Location of existing structures, sewage disposal systems, wells, ponds, streams, easements, roads, and drives; and

††††† (iv) Proposed or existing location of structure to be served by the system, and proposed system location.

††††† (b) A person seeking approval shall establish an appointment time and date for the site evaluation, if the person desires to be present during the evaluation.

††††† (c) Property boundaries shall be clearly identified.

††††† (d) If the site evaluation reveals that the applicable requirements of this administrative regulation are met, the area designated for system installation shall be clearly marked by the certified inspector or professional engineer by using flags or other suitable, readily observable markers. The location of the designated area shall be recorded on a property drawing by showing distances to existing set points. The person seeking approval shall receive a copy of:

††††† 1. The Site Evaluation Form including the overall evaluation rating;

††††† 2. Drawing showing the location of the designated lateral field area; and

††††† 3. Written requirements relative to site limitations.

††††† (e) After the site evaluation has been conducted, a permit to construct, install, or alter an on-site sewage disposal system shall be obtained prior to construction of any portion of that system. An application for a construction permit shall be submitted and accompanied by a detailed drawing of the proposed system or alteration, including all necessary specifications, and required permit fees. A permit shall be issued only by a certified inspector and only to a certified installer or homeowner as provided in 902 KAR 10:110, and shall expire one (1) year from date of issuance unless an extension is granted by the cabinet.

††††† (2) Subdivision approval procedures.

††††† (a) A person seeking approval for a subdivision developed after the effective date of this administrative regulation, and for all existing subdivisions of record shall follow the procedures for approval outlined in subsection (1)(a), (b), and (c) of this section. Each individual lot or site shall be evaluated individually.

††††† (b) If a site evaluation reveals that an individual on-site sewage disposal system is unapprovable due to site characteristics, the applicant shall be advised as to other alternatives, if available.

††††† (c) If a cluster system is proposed, legal documents relative to ownership, operation and maintenance of the system in perpetuity shall be submitted.

††††† (d) A local health department may adopt more specific requirements for subdivision approval, within its jurisdiction, if not in conflict with this administrative regulation.

 

††††† Section 3. Site Evaluation Standards. (1) A certified inspector or professional engineer shall evaluate each proposed site. Based upon the factors contained in subsections (2) through (8) of this section, an official site evaluation form shall be completed classifying each factor as SUITABLE (S), PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE (PS), or UNSUITABLE (U).

††††† (2) Topography.

††††† (a) Uniform slopes fifteen (15) percent or less shall be considered SUITABLE with respect to topography.

††††† (b) Uniform slopes between fifteen (15) percent and up to and including thirty (30) percent shall be considered PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE with respect to topography. Slopes within this range may require installation of curtain drains, vertical drains, or other approved drainage methods upslope from the lateral field. Usable areas larger than normally required may be needed in this slope range.

††††† (c) Slopes greater than thirty (30) percent shall be considered UNSUITABLE except slopes greater than thirty (30) percent may be classified as PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE if:

††††† 1. The soil characteristics are classified as either SUITABLE or PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE to a depth of at least thirty (30) inches;

††††† 2. Surface water run-off is diverted around the lateral field;

††††† 3. If necessary, groundwater or perched water table flow is intercepted and diverted through curtain drains, vertical drains, or other approved drainage methods; and

††††† 4. There is sufficient ground area available to install the on-site sewage disposal system with approved modification.

††††† (d) Complex slope patterns and slopes dissected by gullies and ravines shall be considered UNSUITABLE with respect to topography.

††††† (3) Landscape position.

††††† (a) Convex hill or ridge tops, shoulder slopes, and side slopes shall be considered SUITABLE with respect to landscape position.

††††† (b) Convex foot slopes and natural terraces shall be considered PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE with respect to landscape position.

††††† (c) Concave hill or ridge tops, shoulder, side, foot, and toe slopes, drainageways, depressions, and terraces may be considered PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE if:

††††† 1. The soil characteristics are classified as either SUITABLE or PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE;

††††† 2. Surface water run-off is diverted around the lateral field; and

††††† 3. Groundwater flow is intercepted and diverted through curtain or vertical drains.

††††† (d) If the provisions in paragraph (c) of this subsection cannot be met the landscape position shall be classified UNSUITABLE.

††††† (e) An area closer than seventy (70) feet to an open sinkhole throat or downslope from the sinkhole sideslope midpoint, or subject to flooding damage shall be considered UNSUITABLE with respect to landscape position.

††††† (4) Soil characteristics, or morphology. Backhoe pits may be required for site evaluation. If backhoe pits are not required, at least of four (4) soil borings shall be taken in the area to be used for lateral fields. Backhoe pits or borings shall be excavated to a depth of forty-two (42) inches or as required to determine the soil characteristics. Each excavated test hole or pit shall be backfilled to grade upon completion of the soil evaluation. Soil boring cores or exposed soil horizons in backhoe pits shall be evaluated and a determination made as to the suitability of the soil to treat and disperse effluent. Evaluation of soil characteristics shall be performed according to procedures outlined by the Soil Survey Manual, 1993, Soil Survey Division Staff, USDA Handbook No. 18, as follows:

††††† (a) Texture. The texture of the different horizons of soils may be classified into four (4) general groups.

††††† 1. SOIL GROUP I - sandy texture soils containing more than seventy (70) percent sand-sized particles in the soil mass. These soils are usually without sufficient clay to be cohesive. The sandy group includes the sand and loamy sand soil textural classes and shall generally be considered SUITABLE with respect to texture.

††††† 2. SOIL GROUP II - coarse loamy texture soils containing no more than twenty-seven (27) percent clay-sized particles in the soil mass. They exhibit slight or no stickiness. The coarse loamy group includes sandy loam and loam soil textural classes and shall generally be considered SUITABLE with respect to texture.

††††† 3. SOIL GROUP III - fine loamy texture soils containing less than forty (40) percent clay-sized particles in a soil mass. They exhibit slight to moderate stickiness. The fine loamy group includes sandy clay loam, silt, silt loam, clay loam, and silty clay loam textural classes and shall generally be considered PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE with respect to texture.

††††† 4. SOIL GROUP IV - clayey texture soils contain forty (40) percent or more clay-sized particles and include sandy clay, silty clay, and clay.

††††† a. Soil materials with 1:1 kaolinitic or mixed mineralogy clays shall generally be considered provisionally suitable as to texture.

††††† b. Soil materials with 2:1 clays and montmorillonitic mineralogy shall generally be considered unsuitable as to texture.

††††† c. Soil mineralogy information may be obtained from proper soil classification and correlation of the site or by laboratory tests listed in the Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual, 1996, National Soil Survey Center, NRCS-USDA, Soil Survey Investigations Report No. 42.

††††† 5. The soil texture shall be estimated by field testing. Laboratory estimation of texture by particle-size analysis may be substituted for field testing if conducted in accordance with approved standard procedures such as those listed in the Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual, 1996, National Soil Survey Center, NRCS-USDA, Soil Survey Investigations Report No. 42, at the property owner's expense.

††††† (b) Structure. The four (4) kinds of soil structure most significant in movement of sewage effluent through soils are:

††††† 1. Block-like soil structure - block-like soil structure shall be considered PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE. Some rocks even though weathered, such as shales or creviced or fractured rocks, exhibit block-like structure. Rock shall be considered UNSUITABLE as to structure.

††††† 2. Prismatic soil structure - prismatic soil structure is generally considered PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE unless it is associated with fragipans, which shall be considered UNSUITABLE.

††††† 3. Platy soil structure - if Group II, III and IV soils fall out into plate-like sheets, then the soil would have platy structure which shall be considered UNSUITABLE.

††††† 4. Absence of soil structure - soils which are massive or single grain and exhibit no structural aggregates shall be considered UNSUITABLE.

††††† (5) Internal soil drainage.

††††† (a) Internal soil drainage characteristics shall be determined by the following procedures:

††††† 1. Comparison of moist soil samples collected throughout the soil profile, to a minimum depth of forty-two (42) inches, to standard Munsell notation soil color charts to establish color hue, value and chroma; and

2. Observation of soil profile for evidence of chroma 2 or less, with or without mottling, characterized as to abundance and contrast; or

††††† 3. Observation of freestanding water table.

††††† (b) Soils exhibiting colors or mottling of greater than chroma 2 with no freestanding water table to a depth of forty-two (42) inches shall be considered SUITABLE with respect to internal drainage, if soil texture and structure are classified as either SUITABLE or PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE.

††††† (c) Soils exhibiting colors or mottling of chroma 2 or less or freestanding water table starting at a depth of less than forty-two (42) inches but greater than or equal to twenty-four (24) inches shall be considered PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE with respect to internal drainage, if soil texture and structure are classified SUITABLE or PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE.

††††† (d) Soils exhibiting colors or mottling of chroma 2 or less or freestanding water table at a depth of less than twenty-four (24) inches may be classified as PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE, if:

††††† 1. Soil texture and structure are classified SUITABLE or PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE; and

††††† 2. Curtain drains, vertical drains, or other approved methods are installed to intercept lateral water movement, or to lower and maintain the freestanding water table level to a depth of greater than twenty-four (24) inches.

††††† (e) Soils exhibiting colors or mottling of chroma 2 or less or freestanding water table at a depth of less than twenty-four (24) inches which cannot meet the criteria listed in paragraph (d)1 of this subsection shall be considered UNSUITABLE.

††††† (6) Soil depth.

††††† (a) Presence of bedrock or large flagstones, also known as "floaters", shall be determined by probing the site and through direct observation of the soil profile. Soil depth shall be considered the vertical distance from the existing ground surface to:

††††† 1. Solid, fractured or rippable bedrock;

††††† 2. Weathered parent material; or

††††† 3. Large flagstones which occupy more than thirty (30) percent of the exposed soil profile.

††††† (b) Soil depths forty-two (42) inches or greater shall be considered SUITABLE as to depth.

††††† (c) Soil depths less than forty-two (42) inches, but at least twenty-four (24) inches, shall be considered PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE as to depth.

††††† (d) Soil depths less than twenty-four (24) inches shall be classified UNSUITABLE as to depth.

††††† (e) If special system design and installation modifications can be made to provide at least eighteen (18) inches of undisturbed naturally occurring soil between the bottom of the lateral field, the soils may be reclassified PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE as to depth.

††††† (7) Restrictive horizons.

††††† (a) Soils in which restrictive horizons are at forty-two (42) inches in depth or greater shall be considered SUITABLE.

††††† (b) Soils in which restrictive horizons are at depths less than forty-two (42) inches, but at least twenty-four (24) inches, shall be considered PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE.

††††† (c) Soils in which restrictive horizons are at depths less than twenty-four (24) inches may be classified PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE, if special system design and installation modifications can be made to provide at least eighteen (18) inches of undisturbed naturally occurring soil between the bottom of the lateral field and the restrictive horizon.

††††† (d) Soils in which restrictive horizons are at depths less than twenty-four (24) inches which cannot meet the provisions in paragraph (c) of this subsection, shall be considered UNSUITABLE.

††††† (8) Available space.

††††† (a) Sites which have two (2) times the usable land area required to permit the installation of an approved on-site sewage disposal system, in addition to the land area to be occupied by existing or proposed structures, or other natural or manmade features of the site which are not compatible with system installation shall be classified SUITABLE as to available space.

††††† (b) Sites which have the usable land area required to permit the installation of an approved on-site sewage disposal system, and the usable land area required to permit the installation of an equivalent approved system, in addition to the land area to be occupied by existing or proposed structures, or other natural or manmade features of the site which are not compatible with system installation shall be classified PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE as to available space.

††††† (c) All other sites shall be classified UNSUITABLE as to available space.

††††† (9) Determination of overall site suitability. The criteria in subsections (2) through (8) of this section shall be SUITABLE, PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE, or UNSUITABLE as indicated. If all criteria are classified the same, that classification will prevail. If there is a variation in classification of the several criteria, the lowest classification shall determine the overall site classification.

††††† (a) Topography classified as UNSUITABLE may be reclassified PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE under the provisions of subsection (2) of this section.

††††† (b) If the landscape position, soil texture, soil structure, internal drainage, or depth to restrictive horizon is classified as UNSUITABLE, and cannot be reclassified as PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE through modification, the overall classification shall be UNSUITABLE regardless of the other criteria, unless the provisions of Section 4(6) of this administrative regulation are met.

††††† (c) Soil depth classified as UNSUITABLE may be reclassified as PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE under the provisions of subsection (6)(e) of this section.

 

††††† Section 4. Site Classification and System Restrictions. (1) Restrictions shall be placed upon on-site sewage systems approved for use due to site limitations or daily waste load volume. The restrictions shall be determined by the following conditions, and the modified or alternative system listed shall be considered as the minimum acceptable.

††††† (2) A site with an overall evaluation rating of SUITABLE, a conventional subsurface soil treatment and dispersal system twenty four (24) inches deep, shall not be permitted without the approval of the local health department or the Department for Public Health.

††††† (3) A site with an overall rating of PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE due to:

††††† (a) Depth to rock, water table, or restrictive horizon.

††††† 1. Twenty-four (24) inches but less than forty-two (42) inches - a six (6) to twenty-three (23) inch deep modified conventional trench, or other approved system with a minimum separation distance of eighteen (18) inches between trench bottoms and rock, water table, or restrictive horizon.

††††† 2. Eighteen (18) inches to less than twenty-four (24) inches - a mound system; other approved system that maintains a minimum separation distance of eighteen (18) inches between trench bottoms and rock, water table, or restrictive horizon; or, sufficient filling of the area with suitable soil to allow installation of a modified or alternative system after a one (1) year settling period. A minimum separation distance of twelve (12) to eighteen (18) inches between trench bottoms and rock, water table, or restrictive horizon may be considered on a case-by-case basis with additional approved treatment technology such as: peat filter systems, sand filter systems, aerobic units, and drip irrigation systems, two (2) tanks in a series, dual compartment septic tanks, approved effluent filters, and constructed wetlands cells.

††††† 3. Less than eighteen (18) inches - filling of the area with suitable soil to sufficient depth to allow modified or alternative system installation after a one (1) year settling period.

††††† (b) Soil texture or structure.

††††† 1. Soil Group III - any approved system.

††††† 2. Soil Group IV - a conventional trench system modified by the use of additional pretreatment as outlined in Section 6(2) of this administrative regulation. The system may be required to be modified by the use of alternating lateral fields; by dosing tank and pump or siphon; by dosed alternating lateral fields; by dosed automatic alternating lateral fields; or by the use of an LPP system; by a lagoon and lateral field system; or by other systems approved by the cabinet for use in Group IV textured soil. Gravity flow distribution systems in this soil group shall use equal flow distribution boxes only.

††††† (4) If available space for the installation of an approved system is inadequate:

††††† (a) Installation of permanent one and six-tenths (1.6) gallon or less low-volume flush water closets or nonwater carriage toilet devices shall be required.

††††† (b) As much lateral footage of the most space efficient approved system, but no less than fifty (50) percent of the required minimum lateral footage for that system, discharging into a holding tank which is at least equal in capacity to the required pretreatment unit shall be required.

††††† (5) If a PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE rating was obtained which may be affected by a combination of site limitations, the on-site system, whether conventional, modified, or alternative, which will overcome all limitations involved shall be installed.

††††† (6) A site classified as UNSUITABLE may be used for on-site sewage disposal systems, if engineering, hydrogeologic, and soil studies indicate to the cabinet that a suitable on-site sewage disposal system can reasonably be expected to function satisfactorily. The site may be reclassified as PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE upon submission to the cabinet of adequate substantiating data to indicate that:

††††† (a) An on-site sewage disposal system can be installed so that the effluent will receive adequate treatment and proper disposal;

††††† (b) The effluent will not contaminate any drinking water supply, groundwater, perched water, or surface water;

††††† (c) The effluent will not be exposed on the ground surface.

††††† (7) A site originally classified as UNSUITABLE due to soils that have been structurally damaged may be upgraded to PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE if the following conditions are met:

††††† (a) Structural damage limited to a maximum depth of six (6) inches from the original ground surface;

††††† (b) Trench depth at least six (6) inches deeper than the damaged layer;

††††† (c) Required vertical separation distances to rock, water table, or other restrictive horizons maintained;

††††† (d) Soil rectification performed using one (1) of the following methods:

††††† 1. Mechanical renovation with a chisel plow or other similar device if damaged soil is adequately improved by lifting from two (2) inches below the damaged layer; or

††††† 2. Removal of damaged soil and replacement with a Group III or better soil with a SUITABLE or PROVISIONALLY SUITABLE structure; and

††††† (e) Reevaluation by a certified inspector following soil rectification and prior to system installation.

 

††††† Section 5. Approval of Consultants. (1) The cabinet may grant limited approval to an eligible individual to perform tentative site evaluations only for proposed subdivisions for which on-site sewage disposal systems are intended.

††††† (a) Individuals eligible for approval as consultants shall include:

††††† 1. Professional engineers;

††††† 2. Registered architects;

††††† 3. Soil scientists;

††††† 4. Professional geologists;

††††† 5. Certified inspectors whose certifications have not been suspended or revoked.

††††† (b) The cabinet may require attendance at training seminars and competency testing as a condition of maintaining approved status.

††††† (2) To be eligible for approval as a consultant, the individual shall possess a valid professional registration, license, certificate, or other similar document, issued by the respective profession's registration, licensure, or certification board, agency, committee, or other body recognized by the state of Kentucky.

††††† (3) If suspension or revocation proceedings are initiated by the cabinet, in accordance with KRS 211.360(3), the certified individual may request a hearing before the cabinet, in accordance with KRS 211.360(4), to present evidence on his behalf as to why the intended action should not be taken.

††††† (4) If the cabinet has suspended or revoked certification for cause, the cabinet shall provide notification to the appropriate professional body with which the person affected is registered, licensed, or certified.

 

††††† Section 6. System Sizing Standards. (1) Design waste flows. Daily waste flow volumes for system design and sizing purposes shall be computed for each residential unit, business or commercial facility, or other public facility, based upon the design flow per designated flow unit listed in Table 1 multiplied by the number of flow units involved.

††††† (a) If approved permanent nonwater carriage water closet type devices, such as composting, incinerator, or oil carriage toilets, are installed exclusively in a residence and if no other blackwater type wastes are created, the daily design waste flow unit for that specific residence may be reduced to the figure given in Table 1.

††††† (b) A daily waste flow unit reduction shall not be granted for installation of nonpermanent flow reduction devices, such as showerheads, showerhead or faucet inserts, suds-saver type automatic washing machines, or other similar devices. Use of water saving devices, such as low-volume flush water closets, may be required by the cabinet if necessary due to site limitations.

††††† (c) An on-site sewage system that receives a design daily waste flow of 2,000 gallons or more shall be designed to provide dosing of the lateral field through the use of dosing tanks and pumps or siphons, or through the installation of an LPP system.

††††† (d) An applicant proposing to use an on-site sewage disposal system for a nonresidential source of sewage shall provide the following information to the cabinet:

††††† 1. Data to show the sewage does not contain industrial wastewater;

††††† 2. Data to establish the potential sewage strength and to identify chemicals found in the sewage that are not typically found in residential sewage; and

††††† 3. A design to provide pretreatment of the sewage to at least residential septic tank effluent quality.

††††† (e) The following businesses or facilities shall not be approved for disposal of waste waters into an on-site sewage disposal system due to the nature of the wastes generated or the high volume of wastewater created:

††††† 1. Laundromats, except on an experimental basis as provided under Section 8(14) of this administrative regulation;

††††† 2. Car washes;

††††† 3. Kill room wastes from livestock slaughterhouses;

††††† 4. Embalming wastes from funeral parlors or mortuaries; and

††††† 5. Industrial or process wastes from factories.


Table 1

Design Daily Waste Flow

 

Gallons/Unit/Day

Source of Sewage Dwelling Units

Units

Standard

Column B

Single family residences

Each bedroom

120

90

Hotels or motels

Each room

100

 

Apartments/condominiums/townhouses

Each bedroom

120

 

Rooming houses

Each bedroom

120

 

Mobile home parks

Space

300

 

Commercial/industrial:

 

 

 

Retail stores

Each toilet room

200

 

Malls, shopping centers

Each 1000 sq. ft.

200

 

Offices

Employee

20

 

Medical offices

(with laboratories)

Employee

50

 

Dental offices (with water rinse units)

Exam chair

250

 

Dental offices (with suction units)

Exam chair

50

 

Veterinary office

(add for animal grooming)

(add for animal boarding)

Clinic

per animal

per animal

250

10

10

 

Dog kennels

per dog

5

 

Industrial buildings

 

(Add for showers)

Employee/shift (does not include process water or cafeteria)

Employee/shift

20

 

10

 

Construction site

Employee/shift

20

 

Visitor center

Visitor

5

 

Barber shops

Chair

75

 

Beauty shops

Chair

125

 

Laundromats: (experimental only)

Machine

300

 

Eating and drinking establishments:

 

 

 

Restaurant (does not include bar or lounge)

Meal/seat

15

 

Bar or lounge

Seat

20

 

Drive-in (no public restrooms)

Establishment

500

 

Drive-in (with public restrooms)

Car stall

20

 

Food markets:

 

 

 

Prepackaged

Store

250

 

Food processing:

(with eat-in delicatessen)

(with carryout delicatessen)

Store

Meal/seat

Store

1,000

15 Additional

250

 

Rabbit or fish processors

(with solid waste separation)

Employee/shift

per animal or fish processed

20

0.5

 

Institutional (includes food service):

 

 

 

Hospitals and surgical centers

Each bed

300

 

Mental

Each bed

100

 

Prison or jail

Each inmate bed

100

 

Nursing home, rest home

Each resident bed

100

 

Schools and Churches (includes food service):

 

 

 

Elementary, day care, kindergarten

Student

25

 

High school

Student

35

 

College

Student

35

 

Boarding school

Student

60

 

Churches:

(without kitchen facilities)

(with kitchen facilities)

 

Average attendance/person

Average attendance/person

 

3

5

 

Recreational:

 

 

 

Recreational vehicle park

(sewer hook-ups to each space)

(with central bath only)

Dump station only

 

Space

Space

Space

 

125

75

25

 

Day camp (no meals)

Person

15

 

Residential camp (includes cafeteria)

Person

60

 

Resorts/housekeeping cabin

Bedroom

120

 

Tent camping areas w/central bath

Space

75

 

Country clubs (does not include food service)

Member

15

 

Golf courses

Average attendance/person

10

 

Swimming pools

Design capacity/person

10

 

Picnic parks, sports facilities, ball parks:

 

 

 

(with toilet only)

(with food service)

Average attendance/person

Average attendance/person

5

8

 

Movie theaters

Seat

5

 

Drive-in theaters (includes food service)

Space

15

 

Skating rink/dance hall

Person (based on rated capacity)

10

 

Bowling alley

Lane

100

 

Transportation:

 

 

 

Airport, bus or rail depot

Passenger

5

 

Auto service station

Each water closet or urinal

250

 

 


††††† (2) Residential pretreatment units. A septic tank in a single-family residence on-site sewage disposal system shall meet the minimum working liquid capacities in paragraphs (a) to (c) of this subsection, based on the number of bedrooms involved. An aerobic or other type of approved pretreatment unit shall be sized according to its rated treatment capacity in gallons per day, based upon the design daily waste flow per design unit given in Table 1.

††††† (a) On a Soil Group IV site, additional pretreatment shall be provided by use of one (1) of the following methods:

††††† 1. Installation of multiple septic tanks in series. The first tank receiving raw sewage from the residence shall be of the required minimum capacity in Table 2. Additional tanks shall be installed in series as needed to provide a total capacity equal to the required minimum plus an additional fifty (50) percent;

††††† 2. Installation of an aerobic pretreatment unit. An aerobic unit that does not include an integral trash or primary settling chamber in its construction shall be provided by the series installation of a minimum 1,000 gallon septic tank to receive raw sewage, with effluent discharging into the aerobic unit.

††††† 3. Installation of multiple compartment septic tanks. The first compartment, receiving raw sewage from the residence shall be of the required minimum capacity in Table 2. The second compartment shall have a total capacity equal to at least fifty (50) percent of the first compartment.

††††† 4. Permanent installation of effluent filters. The effluent filter shall be a maximum screen size of one-sixteenth (1/16/) inch and shall be installed either inside or following a properly-sized septic tank. Access to filters shall be provided to finished grade.

††††† (b) Subsurface flow constructed wetlands on-site sewage disposal systems shall include one (1) of the following pretreatment options:

††††† 1. Two (2) septic tanks in series and an approved commercial-sized filter located at the outlet end of the second tank;

††††† 2. A two (2) compartment septic tank and an approved commercial-sized filter located at the outlet end of the second compartment; or

††††† 3. An aerobic unit and an approved commercial-sized filter installed internally or externally on the outlet pipe.

††††† (c) A pretreatment unit for subsurface flow constructed wetlands shall be sized the same as a pretreatment unit for Group IV textured soil.

††††† If required minimum tank capacities for residential systems exceed 1,000 gallons and larger capacity tanks are unavailable, serial installation of multiple tanks is permitted to obtain the necessary capacity. The first tank in series shall have a minimum capacity of 1,000 gallons.

Table 2

Minimum Capacity of Pretreatment Units

Number of

Bedrooms

Gallon Capacity

(Without Garbage

Disposal)

Gallon Capacity

(With Garbage

Disposal)

3 or less

1,000

1,250

4

1,250

1,500

5

1,500

1,750

Each Additional

250

250

 

††††† (3) Commercial and public facility pretreatment units.

††††† (a) Minimum working liquid capacities for a septic tank for a commercial or public facility on-site sewage disposal system shall be determined by multiplying the daily design waste flow per unit times the total number of units, plus an additional fifty (50) percent of that figure for solids storage. (Gallons/unit/day X Number of Units) + 50% = MINIMUM CAPACITY REQUIRED.

††††† (b) Commercial facility system installation shall be subject to procedures and requirements listed in subsection (2) of this section relative to:

††††† 1. Sites with soils in Soil Group IV;

††††† 2. Subsurface flow constructed wetlands;

††††† 3. Aerobic and other types of pretreatment units; and

††††† 4. Use of multiple tanks in series to obtain required capacity.

††††† (c) An establishment with food preparation or food processing facilities shall install adequately-designed and approved pretreatment units to reduce FOG, BOD-5, and TSS to a level typically found in residential septic tank effluent. The applicant shall be required to submit data from comparable facilities to determine the establishmentís potential effluent strength.

††††† (d) A commercial or public facility engaged in the manufacture, processing, preparation, or service of food or food products shall be provided with an approved grease trap. Wastewater drain piping from food processing equipment; sinks for washing of food, equipment and utensils; dishwashers; and floor drains in food preparation and processing areas shall be separated from other wastewater piping, and shall discharge into a grease trap prior to entrance into an on-site sewage disposal system. Grease trap capacity shall be a minimum of 500 gallons for daily waste flows of 6,000 gallons or less; and 1,000 gallons for daily waste flows greater than 6,000 gallons. A grease trap shall be placed outside of the structure and shall be located as close as practicable to the source of the wastewater to prevent separation of grease prior to entry into the grease trap.

††††† (4) Sizing of gravity distribution lateral fields. Gravity distribution lateral fields for an on-site sewage disposal system shall be sized based upon the design daily waste flow for the residence, commercial or public facility involved, as determined from Table 1. The total daily waste flow multiplied by the linear footage requirement per gallon found in Table 3 for the specific site soil characteristics, shall determine the minimum linear footage of lateral trench required.

Table 3

Application Rates for Gravity Distribution

Lateral Fields Based on Two (2) Foot

Conventional Trench Width

Soil Group

Soil Texture Classes

Application Rate Gal/Sq. Ft./Day

Linear Ft. Per Gallon

I Sands

Sand

1.2

.42

Loamy Sand

.9

.56

II Coarse loams

Sandy Loam

.7

.72

III Fine loams (with suitable structure)

Sandy Clay Loam

 

 

Silt Loam

 

 

Silt

.5

1.0

Clay Loam

 

 

Silty Clay Loam

 

 

Fine loams (with

provisionally-

suitable structure)

Sandy Clay Loam

 

 

Silt Loam

 

 

Silt

.37

1.35

Clay Loam

 

 

Silty Clay Loam

 

 

IV Clays

(Kaolinitic or mixed mineralogy with provisionally-suitable structure)

Sandy Clay

 

 

Silty Clay

 

 

Clay

.27

1.85

 

††††† (5) Sizing of LPP distribution lateral fields. LPP distribution lateral fields for on-site sewage disposal systems shall be sized based upon the calculated total design daily waste flow for the residence, commercial, or public facility involved, as determined from Table 1. The total daily waste flow divided by the allowable daily loading rate found in Table 4, for the specific site soil characteristics, shall determine the minimum square footage of absorption area required.

Table 4

Application Rates for

Low Pressure Pipe (LPP) Lateral Fields

Soil Texture Group

Soil Texture

Classes

Rate Gal/

Sq.Ft./Day

I Sands

Sand

0.5

Loamy Sand

 

II Coarse Loams

Sandy Loam

0.4

Loam

 

III Fine Loams (with

suitable structure)

Sandy Clay Loam

 

Silt Loam

 

Silt

0.3

Clay Loam

 

Silty Clay Loam

 

Fine Loams (with

provisionally-suitable

structure)

Sandy Clay Loam

 

Silt Loam

 

Silt

 

Clay Loam

0.1714

Silty Clay Loam

 

IV Clays (Kaolinitic or

mixed mineralogy

with provisionally-

suitable structure)

Sandy Clay

 

Silty Clay

0.1

Clay

 

 

††††† (6) Sizing of gravelless pipe systems. Gravelless pipe in eight (8) and ten (10) inch internal diameter sizes, may be used in lieu of standard lateral trenches for conventional and modified conventional lateral field applications. Linear footage requirements listed in Table 3 shall apply to gravelless pipe. Gravelless pipe shall not be permitted in Group IV textured soils.

††††† (7) Sizing of gravity distribution lateral beds. If lateral beds are permitted in lieu of standard two (2) foot wide lateral trenches, the required total length of standard lateral trench shall be calculated from Tables 1 and 3 information. That figure shall be multiplied by the percentage shown on Table 5, for the bed width intended for use. The number of linear feet resulting shall be the amount required for installation for that particular bed width.

Table 5

Lateral Bed Length Requirements

for Gravity Distribution Systems

Based on Bed Width

 

Bed Width

Multiply Total Linear

Footage of Two (2) Foot

Wide Trench Required By:

3'

70%

4'

55%

5'

45%

6'

40%

7'

35%

8'

32%

9'

30%

10'

28%

11'

27%

12' or wider

26%

 

††††† (8) Sizing of leaching chamber systems. Leaching chamber systems may be used in lieu of standard lateral trenches. Linear footage requirements for chambers shall be based on nominal internal chamber width as follows:

††††† (a) In trench configuration - for nominal widths of fifteen (15) to twenty-one (21) inches, 100 percent of Table 3; twenty-two (22) to twenty-seven (27) inches, seventy (70) percent of Table 3; twenty-eight (28) to thirty (30) inches, sixty (60) percent of Table 3; thirty-one (31) to thirty-six (36) inches, fifty-five (55) percent of Table 3; thirty-seven (37) to forty-one (41) inches, fifty (50) percent of Table 3; forty-two (42) to forty-four (44) inches, forty-five (45) percent of Table 3 required linear footage.

††††† (b) In bed configuration - for chamber widths eighty-five (85) percent of Table 5 linear footage requirements based on total bed width to nearest foot.

††††† (c) Other chamber designs including those with nominal widths outside the ranges listed in paragraph (a) of this subsection shall be sized on a case-by-case basis.

††††† (9) Sizing of gravity distribution alternate lateral fields or beds. If alternate gravity distribution lateral fields or beds are used, the individual alternate lateral fields or beds shall each contain one-half (1/2) of the total linear footage required for the system, and shall be alternated in use on a yearly basis by use of an approved alternating valve or device.

††††† (10) Sizing of dosed gravity distribution automatic alternating lateral fields or beds. If dosed automatic alternating lateral fields or beds are used, the individual alternating lateral fields or beds shall each contain one-half (1/2) of the total linear footage required for the system. Dosed automatic alternating lateral field or bed systems shall be designed and operated so as to alternate between lateral fields or beds with doses of effluent, by of two (2) or more dosing siphons or pumps controlled by an automatic alternating device, or by simultaneous dosing.

††††† (11) Sizing of combination evaporation-absorption lagoon and lateral field systems. On sites with Group IV soils where a conventional lateral field system or alternative system cannot be installed due to heavy clay soils with poor or no structure conditions, a combination evaporation-absorption lagoon and shallow lateral field system may be considered for installation. Total daily waste flow shall be determined by using Table 1, and the total square footage of lagoon waste surface area shall be calculated by multiplying the total gallons of waste flow per day by five (5) square feet per gallon. Effluent entering the lagoon shall have passed through a properly sized pretreatment unit, according to the provisions of Table 2 and subsection (3)(a) of this section. The overflow from the lagoon shall be directed to an approved lateral field according to the provisions of Section 4 of this administrative regulation. Lagoon overflow lateral field size for two (2) foot wide gravel field trenches shall be calculated by multiplying the total daily waste flow in gallons by .10 linear feet per gallon.

††††† (12) Sizing of mound systems. Mound systems shall be designed and sized based upon the information and criteria given in the United States Environmental Protection Agency publication EPA 625/1-80-012 "Design Manual, On-site Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems," Chapter 7.2.4 on Mound Systems. All mound systems shall use pressure distribution of effluent in the absorption area. Mound fill material shall be coarse ASTM C-33 sand that meets the following criteria: less than twenty (20) percent, by weight, greater than two (2) mm in diameter and less than five (5) percent, by weight, less than 0.053 mm in diameter. The design loading or filtration rate shall be one (1.0) gpd/sq.ft. for residential septic tank effluent. The sand fill material shall not be included in the measurement of the vertical separation distance between the absorption area and a restrictive horizon, rock, or water table.

††††† (13) Sizing of subsurface flow constructed wetlands systems. Constructed wetlands cells shall contain a minimum of one and three-tenths (1.3) cubic feet of fill material for each one (1) gallon of total daily waste flow. Total interior square footage shall be based on one and three-tenths (1.3) cubic feet per one (1) gallon of total daily design wasteflow; if twelve (12) inches of fill material is used, then the square footage equals the cubic footage. The length to width ratio of the cell shall range between three (3) to one (1) and five (5) to one (1) for gravity flow. The length to width ratio for pressure distribution shall be determined based on system size and available installation area. The overflow lateral field footage shall be calculated by using fifty (50) percent of the standard sizing for the chosen type of system; all approved lateral field types shall be acceptable.

††††† (14) Sizing of residential laundry waste systems. If improved system performance may be attained by separating laundry greywater waste flows from other residential waste flow for new system installations, or as repair for existing systems, separation shall be accomplished in the following manner:

††††† (a) Greywater sewer for the washing machine shall be separated from the main house sewer;

††††† (b) A residential laundry greywater waste system shall be installed according to the results of the site evaluation of the greywater installation area.

††††† (c) Sizing shall be calculated on fifteen (15) percent of total daily waste flow multiplied by the linear feet per gallon specified in Table 3 for a conventional two (2) foot wide trench.

††††† (d) On a new system installation permitting laundry wasteflow separation:

††††† 1. For Soil Groups I to III, a fifteen (15) percent reduction in the primary system lateral field requirement shall be allowed;

††††† 2. For Soil Group IV, a system size reduction shall not be allowed.

††††† (15) The cabinet shall size an experimental or alternative system not covered by this administrative regulation, based upon:

††††† (a) Site characteristics;

††††† (b) Effluent characteristics;

††††† (c) Pretreatment processes;

††††† (d) Technology used; and

††††† (e) Other demonstrable factors.

††††† (16) Sizing of dosing tanks. Dosing tanks shall be of sufficient capacity to hold two (2) times the total design daily waste flow calculated from Table 1.

††††† (17) Use of holding tanks.

††††† (a) A holding tank shall be permitted only under the following conditions:

††††† 1. Written official verification is submitted to the cabinet that a municipal sewer system will be available within a two (2) year period;

††††† 2. A commercial or public facility has a daily wasteflow of less than 200 gallons per day;

††††† 3. During a one (1) year waiting period for soil to settle in an area that has been filled with topsoil, in accordance with Section 7(5) of this administrative regulation;

††††† 4. To repair an existing septic system if no other means of repair is available;

††††† 5. To expand an existing system for a single family residence if no other means of expanding the system is available; or

††††† 6. In accordance with Section 4(4)(b) of this administrative regulation.

††††† (b) If a holding tank is permitted:

††††† 1. Water closets with flush volume of one and six-tenths (1.6) gallons or less shall be installed;

††††† 2. An audible and visible alarm system shall be installed:

††††† a. Within the structure served; or

††††† b. In a high pedestrian traffic area, within sight of the structure served;

††††† 3. The applicant shall submit with the permit application a copy of a contract with a licensed septic tank cleaning company, or other management entity, for servicing the holding tank, and shall thereafter maintain servicing records available for cabinet inspection; and

††††† 4. The local health department may require the owner to post a cash performance bond.

††††† (18) Sizing of holding tanks. Holding tanks shall be sized as follows:

††††† (a) Holding tanks installed to repair an existing system, or as an addition to a new system, or added to expand an existing system, shall be sized the same as the required pretreatment unit.

††††† (b) All other holding tanks shall be sized to hold a minimum seven (7) days wasteflow for the structure served.

 

††††† Section 7. System Installation Standards. (1) System layout standards.

††††† (a) A system shall be designed, laid out, and installed in the designated area set aside during the site evaluation. Installation of the system in any other area is prohibited without the written consent of the local health department certified inspector. If the markers used to designate the system area cannot be identified, the certified inspector or professional engineer who conducted the site evaluation shall revisit the property to reestablish the original designated area and confirm that it has not been altered.

††††† (b) Layout of the system on the site by the certified installer shall be accomplished by using suitable stakes or markers to locate excavation sites for system components, and shooting of surface grades to establish necessary excavation depths to assure proper elevation "fall" in the system. Lateral trenches or beds shall be laid out to follow parallel to the surface contour lines of the site.

††††† (c) Maximum length for individual lateral trenches or beds for gravity distribution systems shall be no more than 200 feet. Maximum length for individual lateral trenches in LPP systems shall be seventy (70) feet.

††††† (d) Individual lateral lines or beds receiving effluent from an equal flow distribution box shall be of equivalent size within ten (10) percent of the longest line or bed.

††††† (e) Lateral trenches, and leaching chambers two (2) feet wide or less, for gravity distribution systems shall be spaced a minimum of eight (8) feet on centers. Lateral trenches for LPP systems shall be spaced a minimum of five (5) feet on centers. Lateral beds, and leaching chambers greater than two (2) feet wide, for gravity distribution systems shall be spaced a minimum of eight (8) feet from side wall to side wall. Spacing shall be increased two (2) feet on all sites with slopes greater than fifteen (15) percent and up to and including twenty (20) percent. On slopes greater than twenty (20) percent, each five (5) percent increase in slope, or fraction thereof, shall require an additional spacing of two (2) feet for lateral trenches.

††††† (f) Lateral line spacing in gravity distribution bed systems shall be as follows:

††††† 1. For beds of four (4) to six (6) feet in width, one (1) lateral line placed on the centerline of the bed;

††††† 2. For beds of seven (7) to ten (10) feet in width, two (2) lateral lines, spaced two and one-half (2 1/2) feet from the side walls;

††††† 3. For beds eleven (11) feet and wider, the two (2) laterals spaced two and one-half (2 1/2) feet from the side walls, and additional lateral lines installed five (5) feet on centers, or fraction thereof, from the side wall laterals.

††††† (2) Excavation standards.

††††† (a) Only equipment necessary to the installation of an on-site sewage disposal system shall be permitted in the designated area set aside for that system. Equipment shall be operated so as to minimize travel over, and compaction of, the system area.

††††† (b) Excavation of the lateral field, bed or other subsurface soil absorption system portion of the total system area shall be restricted by the soil moisture conditions of that portion of the area at the intended depth of excavation for all soil texture classes. Soil moisture conditions shall be determined by test excavation to the intended depth of the lateral trenches or beds. A small portion of soil excavated from that depth shall be rolled between the thumb and fingers. If the soil can be rolled into a "wire" shaped form which does not easily crumble, the soil is too wet to work and will compact and seal absorption surfaces. If a "wire" form cannot be rolled and the soil crumbles, excavation can proceed.

††††† (c) Excavation for septic tanks or other pretreatment units, distribution boxes, alternating valves or devices, and all nonperforated piping used to conduct effluent to other components through gravity flow means, shall be done only after shooting of grades to assure a positive gradient from the outlet of the pretreatment unit through all components to the distribution box(es) or device(s). Such determinations of grade shall take into account the intended excavation depth from grade of lateral trenches or beds.

††††† (d) Excavations for placement of all components shall be made to the necessary depth for installation and shall be dug level in undisturbed earth. If filling is required to level or raise components to the proper grade, except for lateral trenches or beds, tamped gravel, sand, or compacted soil shall be used for bedding purposes. When installation occurs in stony areas, large stones, flagstones, and boulders, shall be removed from the component placement excavations to prevent component damage, and the cavities created by their removal shall be filled with tamped gravel, sand, or compacted soil if they are located on the bottom surface of the excavation.

††††† (e) Excavations for lateral trenches or beds shall be made to the depth specified by the site evaluation results. Maximum trench or bed depth from grade for an on-site sewage treatment and dispersal system shall be twenty-four (24) inches. Minimum trench or bed depth for modified gravity and dosed gravity distribution systems shall be six (6) inches from grade. Minimum trench depth for LPP systems shall be six (6) inches from grade. Trench width for LPP systems shall be a minimum of twelve (12) inches. Minimum trench width for gravelless pipe shall be eighteen (18) inches to a maximum of twenty-four (24) inches. Minimum or maximum trench width shall be as per manufacturer's specifications for leaching chambers; but in no instance shall the trench width exceed the chamber width by more than eight (8) inches.

††††† (f) Lateral trench and bed bottom grades shall be as shown in Table 6:

Table 6

Maximum Grades for Trench and Bed Bottoms

Distribution Method

Type

Maximum Grade

inches/200 feet

Hillside or drop box (also serial distribution)

Trench

2"

Equal Flow Box

Trench

4"

Bed

Level to 1" in all directions from center

Gravelless Pipe

Trench

Level

Low Pressure Pipe

Trench

Level

Bed (Mound)

Level

Leaching Chambers (using any of the above methods except low pressure)

(using low pressure pipe)

Trench layout

4"

Bed Layout

Level

Trench

Level

 

††††† (g) Excavations for curtain drains, or vertical drains to intercept or lower groundwater tables shall be made to the depth determined by the site evaluation. Curtain drain excavations shall maintain the required depth in all parts upgrade from the lowest lateral line and then be graded to drain to the surface or to a pumped catchment basin. Vertical drain excavations shall encircle the entire soil absorption field area. Pretreatment units may be included within the curtain drained or vertical drained area.

††††† (h) Excavations for distribution leaders, or nonperforated pipe, from a distribution box on gravity distribution systems, shall be made so as to provide a "benched" distribution corridor above the trench or bed bottom. This "benched" corridor shall be bedded in undisturbed earth, and shall be excavated so as to provide a "bench" height of six (6) inches above the elevations of the trench or bed bottoms. Benching of the distribution corridor shall be used to reduce the possibility of "short circuiting" of effluent and effluent ponding around distribution boxes.

††††† (i) Excavation of evaporation/absorption lagoons shall be made to provide uniformly-level lagoon bottoms and to provide a wastewater depth below the overflow outlet of four and one-half (4 1/2) feet, and a freeboard of two (2) feet. Containment berming, dikes, dams, and liners shall be of Group IV soil texture and installed so as to provide a minimum of eighteen (18) inch separation from the inside wall and bottom of the lagoon to rock and shall be "keyed" into the original soil at least one (1) foot deep and two (2) feet wide at the base. Berms, dikes or dams shall be constructed on a two (2) feet vertical to one (1) foot horizontal slope. To prevent entrance by unauthorized persons, a lagoon shall be enclosed within a minimum six (6) foot high chain-link fence or equivalent open weave designed fence with a locked gate.

††††† (j) Constructed wetlands cell bottoms shall be excavated uniformly level and prepared so that no coarse materials are exposed. Soil berming used for constructed wetlands shall be constructed so that the berming is stable and soil sloughing does not occur. The outside walls shall have a slope of one (1) foot vertical to three (3) feet horizontal. The inside walls shall have a minimum slope of one (1) foot vertical to two (2) feet horizontal. Vegetation shall be established on berming as soon as possible.

††††† (3) Component installation standards.

††††† (a) Septic tanks and other pretreatment units, dosing tanks and holding tanks shall be installed level. Connections to the unit which conduct sewage or effluent, and unit joints or seams, shall be watertight. Manufacturer's instructions on installation and piping and electrical connections to the unit, shall be followed by the installer. A unit showing structural damage on delivery, or damaged in placement shall be replaced with an undamaged unit. Patching of minor damage which does not affect the structural integrity, watertightness, or function of the unit may be permitted under the supervision of the certified inspector.

††††† (b) The certified installer shall provide access to finished grade above the outlet end manhole on each septic tank, through the use of suitable manhole risers of a minimum eighteen (18) inches internal dimension to allow removal of the tank manhole lid. The manhole risers shall be provided with tamper-resistant lids or covers. Lids or covers of precast concrete, cast iron or steel shall be considered tamper-resistant if weighing sixty (60) pounds or more and require a vertical lift for removal. Lids or covers of sheet metal, plastic or fiberglass shall be attached by bolts or other suitable fastener requiring a tool for removal.

††††† (c) An approved distribution device shall be used in a gravity flow system.

††††† (d) Distribution boxes, and alternating valves or devices, shall be installed level, and each piping connection shall be rendered watertight. A component showing structural damage on delivery, or damaged in placement shall be replaced with an undamaged component.

††††† (e) An equal flow distribution box shall be installed on a stable base to prevent settling. A plastic or fiberglass equal flow or level box shall be securely anchored to a poured concrete base a minimum of four (4) inches thick and extending on all sides of the box side walls at least four (4) inches.

††††† (f) Outlet piping of an equal flow box shall be extended past the inside side wall of the box at least three-fourths (3/4) of an inch but no greater than one (1) inch to allow attachment of water leveling devices.

††††† (g) Approved nonperforated pipe shall be used as leader piping to connect an outlet in a distribution box to each perforated lateral line in the gravity distribution system, and shall extend two (2) feet into all trenches or beds before connection to perforated lateral line. The leader piping excavation shall be manually filled with tightly-tamped soil.

††††† (h) Leader piping connected to equal flow boxes shall be installed at no greater than one-eighth (1/8) inch per foot slope for the first five (5) feet of run from the box to restrict the flow velocity of effluent.

††††† (i) Lateral lines for conventional gravity distribution trenches or beds shall be laid as follows:

††††† 1. A six (6) inch deep layer of approved trench rock or other fill material is carefully placed in the trench or bed to prevent sealing of absorption surfaces from fill impact, and leveled;

††††† 2. Lateral piping is placed and leveled on the trench fill material in the center of the trench (or properly spaced in beds), and retained in place to prevent movement, while additional trench fill material is added to a point two (2) inches above the top of the top of the lateral piping, for a total of twelve (12) inches of trench fill material;

††††† 3. Other methods of lateral piping and trench rock placement may be approved by the cabinet upon demonstration of equivalent compliance.

††††† 4. A four (4) inch layer of approved barrier material, whole straw, or a single layer of synthetic filter fabric, is then placed over the trench fill material to prevent entry of backfill soil fines.

††††† (j) Lateral lines for LPP systems shall be laid as follows:

††††† 1. At the beginning of each trench and at twenty (20) foot intervals thereafter, barrier walls of undisturbed earth or compacted earthfill at least one (1) foot thick shall be placed from sidewall to sidewall of the trench to the level at which lateral piping is to be installed;

††††† 2. Six (6) inches of pea gravel or approved alternate trench rock shall be placed in the trench and leveled;

††††† 3. Lateral piping shall be laid in place and assembled, or may be preassembled, and leveled;

††††† 4. Trench earth barrier walls shall be completed to ground surface and additional pea gravel or other trench fill material carefully placed over the laterals to a height of two (2) inches over the top of the piping;

††††† 5. Other methods of lateral piping and trench rock or pea gravel placement shall be approved by the cabinet upon demonstration of equivalent compliance.

††††† 6. A two (2) inch layer of approved barrier material, whole straw, or a single layer of synthetic filter fabric shall be placed over the pea gravel to prevent entry of backfill soil fines.

††††† (k) Lateral lines for gravelless pipe systems shall be installed as follows:

††††† 1. Remove plastic shipping and storage bags from pipe; do not remove filter wrap.

††††† 2. Lay out gravelless pipe with top stripe UP. Roll filter wrap back from ends of each section of pipe to allow proper connection of pipe sections and/or reducer connectors or end caps.

††††† 3. Join pipe sections together with approved connectors, making sure top stripes are in direct alignment on both sections to be joined. Tape joint with plastic tape supplied by pipe manufacturer to seal joint. Pull filter wrap ends back over joint and tape them together.

4. Fit offset reducer connectors, of size four (4) by eight (8) inches or four (4) by ten (10) inches, to inlet ends of joined pipe sections and locate four (4) inch inlet at top of pipe in alignment with top strips; tape joints to seal. Leave filter wrap loose at this time.

††††† 5. Fit end caps on other end of joined pipe sections, seal joints with tape, pull filter wrap over end joint and tape in place.

††††† 6. Lay joined lateral pipe sections into trenches with top stripe directly UP. Connect solid smooth wall header piping from distribution box outlets to four (4) inch inlet on offset reducer connector, inserting header pipe four (4) inches into connector, and seal joint with tape. Pull filter wrap over end of reducer cap and around four (4) inches header piping and tape in place.

††††† (l) Center and support each pipe section with handfilled soil. Installation of constructed wetland components shall be as follows:

††††† 1. Cell framing shall be structurally supported by spiking, mortaring, bolting, or other approved means.

††††† 2. A liner shall be installed in each cell and shall be watertight after installation.

††††† 3. A manufactured liner shall be installed to conform to the shape of the cell, and wrinkles smoothed prior to the placement of fill material. The certified installer shall inspect the installed liner for holes or cuts. If the liner requires perforation to allow piping to pass through, the liner shall be watertight after the piping is installed. A liner shall be protected from sunlight before and after installation.

††††† 4. A clay liner may be installed in a second cell application for residential use only if naturally-occurring Group IV textured soil is present. The berming of the clay liner shall be keyed into the original soil by six (6) to twelve (12) inches. The clay liner shall be compacted.

††††† 5. Cell fill material shall be installed level, at a uniform depth ranging between twelve (12) and eighteen (18) inches, based on the plant species selected.

††††† 6. The cell shall be constructed to provide a water depth equal to the cell fill material depth.

††††† 7. Two (2) inches of approved cover material shall be placed over the cell fill material.

††††† 8. Inlet and outlet headers shall be located at the bottom, center, or top of the fill material.

††††† 9. Inlet and outlet headers shall be located within one (1) foot from the cell end walls for gravity flow.

††††† 10. Inlet headers shall be located within three (3) feet from the cell end walls for pressure distribution.

††††† 11. If a header is located at an elevation that may cause siphoning of the effluent from a cell, approved antisiphon methods shall be used.

††††† 12. If perforated horizontal header piping is used, the header pipe shall be installed level with the holes located one (1) inch from the pipe bottom at the same elevation.

††††† 13. If perforated horizontal inlet header piping is used, access to cover material grade shall be provided for clean out.

††††† 14. Each header shall be covered with two (2) to four (4) inches of approved cover material.

††††† 15. Water level control devices may be installed at the ends of the cells; the design of these devices shall comply with the construction standards of 902 KAR 10:081.

††††† 16. At least two (2) access ports of at least four (4) inch diameter pipe shall be installed in each cell. At least one (1) access port shall be located one-third (1/3) of the distance from the inlet end wall to outlet end wall. At least one (1) access port shall be located within six (6) inches of the outlet header. If water level control devices are not used, at least one (1) of the access ports in each cell shall be at least six (6) inches in diameter. Access ports shall have holes located at the same depth as the cell fill material to allow the effluent to enter the access port. Access ports shall be equipped with removable lids or caps.

††††† 17. Plants shall be installed and spaced as required for the specific plant species. The permit holder shall be responsible for the installation of suitable wetland plants with hydrophilic plants preferred.

††††† 18. The overflow lateral field shall be installed as required for lateral trenches, beds, and components. Required vertical separation distances between overflow lateral trench or bed bottoms and any restrictive horizon, water table, or bedrock, as determined by the site evaluation results, shall be maintained.

††††† (m) Leaching chambers shall be installed according to manufacturer's specification unless the specifications are less restrictive or conflict with these administrative regulations, in which case the administrative regulations shall take precedence, except that reduced backfill cover, of six (6) inches or more, over the leaching chamber may be permitted.

††††† (n) Effluent piping to an evaporation/absorption lagoon and overflow piping to the lateral field system shall be installed as follows:

††††† 1. Nonperforated gravity flow or pressurized piping shall be laid in an excavated trench into the lagoon and anchored to a poured concrete, three (3) foot square, four (4) inch thick apron. The inlet shall be a tee laid on its side.

††††† 2. For overflow piping, the overflow shall be located at the point within the lagoon farthest from the inlet apron. The upper leg of the tee shall be screened and the lower leg extended downward to within three and one-half (3 1/2) feet of the lagoon bottom.

††††† 3. Submerged piping into and out of a lagoon shall be provided with suitable water stops or leak collars with a minimum extension of twelve (12) inches on all sides of the pipe.

††††† (4) Curtain and vertical drain installation standards.

††††† (a) Curtain and vertical drains shall be installed as follows:

††††† 1. After excavation and grading of drain trenches to the required depth, slotted plastic drainage pipe with slots around the entire pipe circumference shall be laid in the trench. The pipe shall be bedded in two (2) to four (4) inches of leveled trench rock fill material.

††††† 2. After bedding and grading the pipe to drain, approved trench rock fill material, for trenches twelve (12) inches or wider, or pea gravel, for trenches narrower than twelve (12) inches, shall be added to the trench to a point four (4) inches below grade.

††††† 3. Barrier material approved for use in lateral trenches shall be placed over the drain trench fill material.

††††† (b) Vertical drains may be used if more permeable soil horizons exist below a restrictive horizon, and shall be installed as follows:

††††† 1. After excavation to the required depth the trenches shall be filled with crushed rock or pea gravel as in curtain drains, to the points listed in paragraph (a)2 of this subsection, as applicable. Drainage piping shall be unnecessary in vertical drains since drainage is encouraged downward through the restrictive horizon to more permeable soils.

††††† 2. Barrier material approved for use in lateral trenches shall be placed over the drain trench fill material.

††††† (5) Filling, backfilling and finish grading standards.

††††† (a) On a site requiring the placement of fill soil before an on-site sewage disposal system can be installed, the following requirements shall apply:

††††† 1. Surface vegetation shall be removed and the original soil surface layer tilled to a depth of two (2) inches prior to placement of fill.

††††† 2. Soil fill material shall meet or exceed the textural class characteristics of Soil Group III outlined in Section 4(4)(a) of this administrative regulation and shall not be obtained from a restrictive horizon.

††††† 3. Soil fill material shall be placed in the area to be filled by methods acceptable to the cabinet, to prevent stratification and unnecessary compaction.

††††† 4. Soil fill shall be:

††††† a. Protected by establishing a fast growing ground cover;

††††† b. Allowed to settle for a period of one (1) year; and

††††† c. Reevaluated prior to system installation.

††††† 5. Depth of soil fill required shall be determined by the site evaluation, based upon minimum separation distances between lateral trench bottoms and restrictive horizons, bedrock, or water tables.

††††† (b) Backfilling around and over septic tanks and other pretreatment units, dosing tanks, holding tanks, distribution boxes, LPP manifolds, alternating valves and devices, and nonperforated effluent piping and distribution leader piping, shall be accomplished by filling and tamping by layers. During filling and tamping, care shall be taken to prevent shifting, tilting, misalignment or damage to system components, watertight joints, seams, or connections. The location of each component shall be clearly marked by staking or flagging after backfilling and prior to final grading.

††††† (c) If manufacturer's installation instructions require specific backfilling procedures to protect component warranties, prevent damage, or prevent flotation of the component due to ground water pressure, those procedures shall be followed. Soil for backfilling gravelless pipe trenches shall be loose and friable. Soil aggregates, clods or clumps, used for backfill in contact with pipe and filter wrap, shall be no larger than one-half (1/2) inch in any dimension large clods or clumps of soil for backfill shall not be used. If soil excavated from trenches will not meet this criteria, suitable backfill soil shall be obtained elsewhere.

††††† (d) Backfilling of lateral trenches or drainage trenches shall be accomplished with minimal compaction of soil fill, and soil fill material shall be left mounded four (4) to six (6) inches above grade over trenches to allow for settling. Backfilling over lateral beds shall be accomplished through the use of lightweight wheeled or crawler type tractors to minimize compaction, and soil fill material shall be left mounded four (4) to six (6) inches above grade to allow for settling.

††††† (e) Backfilling shall not be done until after the system has been inspected and approved to that point of construction by a certified inspector.

††††† (f) On sites where additional fill soil is required over the lateral field due to shallow depth of installation, the following procedures shall apply:

††††† 1. The requirements of paragraph (a)1 through 3 of this subsection;

††††† 2. Fill shall be extended on all sides of the lateral field to a minimum distance of ten (10) feet, except on sloping sites where the fill on each end of the system shall expand outward to a minimum of fifteen (15) feet at the lowest point downslope, and the fill at the downslope side of the system shall be increased to a minimum of fifteen (15) feet beyond the system;

††††† 3. Minimum depth of fill shall be as required by the site evaluation, but not less than ten (10) inches of settled soil over the trench rock fill material, or top of the gravelless pipe (for leaching chambers six (6) inches minimum) and that depth shall extend over the entire lateral field to a point at least two (2) feet beyond the sidewall of any trench, bed or chamber, at which point the remainder of the fill may be tapered to original grade out to the minimum distances specified in subparagraph 2 of this paragraph.

††††† (g) Finish grading over the on-site sewage system shall be performed to minimize compaction through the use of lightweight equipment. Grading shall be restricted to work necessary to provide positive surface drainage away from the system, especially the lateral field. Final grading over staked or flagged system components shall be accomplished manually, or with lightweight equipment, using extreme care to prevent damage to or misalignment of components.

††††† (h) Finish grading work which removes soil from the system area, or which results in that area being used to dispose of excess soil graded from other areas on the site, shall be prohibited.

††††† (i) Finish grading on other areas of the site shall be done in such a manner as to divert surface water run-off from driveways, patios, downspouts, slopes, ditches, gullies, etc., away from the area where the system is installed. If site conditions are such that normal grading procedures cannot divert the run-off, diversion ditches, swales, berms, or other diversion drainage means shall be constructed to divert run-off away from the system.

 

††††† Section 8. System Setback Restrictions. (1) Minimum setback distances for installation of on-site sewage disposal systems from structures, water supplies, roads, streams, bodies of water, and other structural or topographic features are listed in Table 7:


Table 7

Minimum Setback Distances

for On-site Sewage Disposal Systems

Structure or Topographic Feature

Minimum Distance (Ft.) from Pretreatment Unit Constructed Wetland Cell, or Holding Tank

Minimum Distance (Ft.) from Side wall of Lateral Trench, Bed, or Lagoon

Property lines

5

5 (50 for lagoons)

Building foundations

10

10

Basements

20

20

Basements (Downslope from system)

20

30 (5-15% Slope)

40 (15-25% Slope)

50 (25% and Higher)

Wells

50

70

Wells (Properly plugged/abandoned)

20

20

Cisterns

50

70

Cisterns (Upslope from system with bottom at higher elevation than system)

10

10

Natural Lakes or Impoundments (Shoreline)

25

50

Streams

25

25

Springs (Upslope from system)

25

50

(Upslope with curtain interceptor drain)

10

20

(Downslope from system)

50

70

Drainage Ditches, Cutbanks (Downslope)

10

25

Curtain or vertical drain (Upslope and Sides)

(Downslope)

10

25

10

Sinkhole Throat (Open)

70

70

Buried Water Lines or Utility Lines

10

10

Utility Easements

10

10

Driveways, parking lots, or paved areas

10

5

Geothermal Vertical

50

70

Geothermal Horizontal

(Downslope)

10

10 (upslope and sides)

25

Inground swimming pools

10

20

Mine Openings and Air Shafts

50

70

Livestock pens, feed lots, corrals, etc.

10

10

 


††††† (2) Lagoon setback distances shall be measured from the inside berm wall at a point four and one-half (4.5) feet vertically from the lagoon bottom.

 

††††† Section 9. System Installation Inspection. (1) Every on-site sewage disposal system installed, constructed, altered or repaired shall be inspected by a certified inspector.

††††† (2) The inspection sequence performed shall be as follows:

††††† (a) The certified installer shall complete an installer's affidavit for every system except a subsurface flow constructed wetland system, recording all grade shot readings of all excavation work, certifying by his signature that the work has been performed in compliance with this administrative regulation. In lieu of the installer's affidavit, the certified installer may request an initial inspection be performed by a certified inspector. An initial inspection shall consist of shooting of grades in all excavations to determine compliance with this administrative regulation.

††††† (b) For subsurface flow constructed wetland systems, an initial inspection shall be made by a certified inspector to determine compliance with excavation standards.

††††† 1. An installerís affidavit in lieu of the initial inspection shall not be accepted.

††††† 2. The liner shall be in place in the cell prior to the initial inspection unless special cell preparation is needed prior to placement of the liner.

††††† 3. All components and the overflow lateral field shall be inspected.

††††† (c) The certified installer shall request an installation inspection, to be scheduled and completed by a certified inspector, before the system is backfilled. To facilitate inspection of lateral fields and constructed wetland system cells, the certified installer shall provide direct access to trench, bed, or cell bottoms to allow accurate shooting of grade and elevation. Direct access shall be provided through the use of ports, piping, or other methods acceptable to the certified inspector, and at locations within the lateral field the inspector deems necessary.

††††† (d) The installation inspection shall consist of:

††††† 1. Examination of system components, including constructed wetland systems plants, as to type, size or capacity, approved status, materials, and connections;

††††† 2. Examination of installation as to proper placement, proper grade or level;

††††† 3. Conduct "water leveling" method on equal flow distribution boxes;

††††† 4. Testing of dosing devices, low pressure systems and alarm systems;

††††† 5. Shooting of trench, bed, constructed wetland cell, or lagoon bottom grade and elevation;

††††† 6. Examination of installation of lateral lines, trench and constructed wetland cell fill material depth, trench barrier material, constructed wetland cell cover material depth and placement, and water depth; and

††††† 7. Perform other necessary examinations and checks to determine compliance with this administrative regulation relative to all site and system modifications required.

††††† (e) A constructed wetland system shall not be approved before it is complete, including plant installation.

††††† (f) An approved system shall be backfilled in accordance with this administrative regulation.

††††† 1. The certified installer shall:

††††† a. Assure proper backfilling;

††††† b. After completion of backfilling, perform or supervise finish grading; and

††††† c. Request a final inspection, if additional fill soil is required after completion of finish grading.

††††† 2. The owner shall, during subsequent occupancy and system usage, protect the system from damage, disruption, or unnecessary surface water drainage.

††††† (g) A system not meeting approval shall be reconstructed as needed to meet compliance requirements.

 

††††† Section 10. Responsibilities. (1) The construction, operation, and maintenance of on-site sewage disposal systems, whether conventional, modified, or alternative systems, shall be the responsibility of the owner, developer, certified installer, or user of the system as applicable in the circumstances.

††††† (2) Actions of the cabinet and certified inspectors, engaged in the evaluation and determination of measures required to effect compliance with the provisions of this administrative regulation shall in no way be taken as a guarantee that on-site sewage disposal systems approved and permitted will function in a satisfactory manner for any given period of time, or that such agents or employees assume any liability for damages, consequential or direct which are caused, or which may be caused, by a malfunction of such systems.

 

††††† Section 11. Prohibited Practices. The following practices shall be prohibited, and their use shall result in immediate voiding of permits or site evaluations:

††††† (1) Use of unapproved system components in lieu of replacement with approved components;

††††† (2) Except as provided in Section 13 of this administrative regulation, use of seepage pits, cesspools, and dry wells;

††††† (3) Use of improperly constructed or designed systems, in lieu of redesign or reconstruction;

††††† (4) Placement of lateral field within less than twelve (12) inches of, or below, the upper limits of a restrictive horizon or water table;

††††† (5) Placement of lateral field within less than twelve (12) inches of, or into, bedrock.

††††† (6) Dynamiting, ripping, or otherwise removing bedrock to install a lateral field;

††††† (7) Cutting, filling, or otherwise altering the original grade or soil characteristics of the area upon a site staked or flagged off for system installation, except if the work is a requirement of this administrative regulation;

††††† (8) Allowing use of the area staked or flagged off for system installation as a material or soil stockpile, vehicle or heavy equipment parking area or roadway, or other unauthorized use which may damage or alter the soil or site characteristics; or

††††† (9) Construction of evapotranspiration lagoons in Group I, Group II, or Group III textured soil.

 

††††† Section 12. Variances. (1) The owner of a site where an on-site sewage disposal system is proposed to be installed may request, in writing, to the local board of health, or its designated agent, a variance to specific portions of this administrative regulation.

††††† (2) A written request shall include:

††††† (a) Pertinent information about the site;

††††† (b) The specific portion of the administrative regulation requested for waiver;

††††† (c) The specific reasons for the request; and

††††† (d) Documented evidence justifying the granting of the variance.

††††† (3) A request shall be acted upon by the local board of health, or its designated agent as soon as practicable. A written decision, either denying the variance with reasons for denial, or granting the variance with or without stipulations or restrictions, shall be presented to the applicant within five (5) working days of the decision.

††††† (4) An applicant for a variance may appear with counsel or expert professional witnesses, or both, before the local board of health or its agent, for the purpose of presenting the request or to appeal a decision.

††††† (5) If a hearing is requested, the local board of health or its agent shall:

††††† (a) Set a time and date for the hearing, as soon as practicable; and

††††† (b) Notify the applicant, in writing, within five (5) working days of receipt of the request and at least two (2) days prior to the date of hearing, of the time and date for the hearing.

††††† (6) A decision regarding a variance shall be based upon evidence presented by:

††††† (a) The applicant;

††††† (b) The certified inspector for the site in question; and

††††† (c) Expert professional witnesses.

††††† (7) A decision regarding a variance shall be influenced by:

††††† (a) The requirements of the On-site Sewage Systems Law, KRS 211.350 to 211.380, and related law; and

††††† (b) The presence or absence of reasonable assurance, derived from evidence presented, that the granting of the variance shall not result in the creation of:

††††† 1. Groundwater contamination;

††††† 2. Effluent surfacing;

††††† 3. A public health hazard; or

††††† 4. A public health nuisance.

††††† (8) A variance shall not be granted for the following:

††††† (a) Waiver of site evaluation or system inspection;

††††† (b) Reduction of required system size if a modified or alternative system is able to provide an equivalent system in the available area on the site;

††††† (c) If site or system modification or an alternative system can overcome a site limitation;

††††† (d) A practice prohibited by Section 11 of this administrative regulation.

††††† (9) A variance shall be made a permanent record, and filed at the local health department in the county where the site is located.

††††† (10) A variance request shall be acted upon and a final decision made by the local board of health, or its agent, prior to the issuance of a permit to install the proposed on-site sewage disposal system.

 

††††† Section 13. Exemption. (1) On-site sewage systems shall be governed by the provisions of KRS 211.355(3) and this section.

††††† (2) The repair or alteration of an on-site sewage treatment system shall be permitted if:

††††† (a) A municipal or public sewage treatment system is not available; and

††††† (b) Repair or alteration is required because of:

††††† 1. Malfunction;

††††† 2. Damage; or

††††† 3. Upgrade.

††††† (3) In the repair or alteration of an on-site sewage system utilizing a seepage pit, an owner shall be permitted to:

††††† (a) Clean;

††††† (b) Service; and

††††† (c) Repair, alter, reconstruct, or replace:

††††† 1. Any system component leading to a pit, such as pipes and septic tanks;

††††† 2. Pit rings; or

††††† 3. Any other component repair which would not require the drilling of a new pit.

††††† (4) With regard to a single-family dwelling only, if a municipal or public sewage treatment system is not available, a seepage pit may be installed as an on-site sewage disposal system in the development of a vacant lot, purchased on or before May 1, 1992, if bona fide construction began by December 25, 1992. (11 Ky.R. 1556; eff. 5-14-85; Am. 15 Ky.R. 628; eff. 9-21-88; 18 Ky.R. 3239; 19 Ky.R. 53; eff. 6-24-92; 27 Ky.R. 2083; 2618; 29 Ky.R. 441; eff. 8-12-2002.)