Kentucky Bicycle and Bikeways Commission
Office of the Secretary
(As Amended at ARRS, June 9, 2015)
TO: KRS 189.010, 189.030(1), 189.450[
FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS 189.287 requires the cabinet to promulgate
administrative regulations to establish standards for bicycle safety and
equipment. This administrative regulation establishes the equipment and safety requirements
required in the operation of a bicycle[
KRS Chapter 189 sets forth many
bicycle safety standards that can be overridden by administrative regulations
promulgated by the Transportation Cabinet. The Bicycle and Bikeways Commission
authorized by KRS 174.125 has suggested that with the ever-growing use of
bicycles in Kentucky additional or different standards are necessary for the
safety of the traveling public. This administrative regulation sets forth the
required bicycle safety standards].
Section 1. Definitions. (1) "Bicycle":
Means a device with an attached seat propelled primarily[
by human power upon which a person rides astride or upon,
regardless of the number and size of the wheels in contact with the ground; and
Does not mean a[
: 1.] wheelchair designed
for a person with a disability[ ; or 2. Device designed solely
for use as a play vehicle for a child].
(2) "Hazard" means a condition present on the roadway that constitutes a danger to a bicycle rider such as:
(a) A fixed or moving object;
(b) A parked or moving vehicle;
(c) A pedestrian;
(d) A surface irregularity; or
(e) An animal.
(3) "Shared lane" means a single lane of traffic less than fourteen (14) feet in width not including the gutter pan.
Front] Lights and Reflectors. (1) A bicycle operated
on a highway during the hours or atmospheric conditions described in KRS
189.030(1) shall display at least[ be equipped with] one (1) front
light on either the bicycle or the bicyclist that is visible for 500 feet
and capable of revealing[ which clearly reveals] substantial objects
at least fifty (50) feet in front of the bicycle[ ahead and which is
visible for 500 feet].
2. Rear Lights or Reflectors.] A bicycle if[ , when] operated
on a highway or highway shoulder[ ,] shall display on either the bicycle
or the bicyclist[ so that it is visible from the rear of the bicycle]:
One (1) red reflector or red light visible for at least 100 feet from the
rear of the bicycle; and
One (1) red light or a flashing red light visible from the rear of the bicycle
for at least 500 feet[
(2)] during the hours or atmospheric
conditions described in KRS 189.030(1)[ , one (1) red light or flashing red
light visible for at least 500 feet].
Section 3. Horn or Bell. (1) A bicycle may be equipped with a bell, horn, or other device capable of making an abrupt sound, but shall not be equipped with a siren or whistle.
Every] person operating a bicycle shall shout or sound the
bell, horn, or other sound device as necessary to warn
pedestrians or other bicycles of the approach of the bicycle[ whenever
necessary as a warning of the approach of the bicycle to pedestrians or other
bicycles, but shall not sound the horn or sound device unnecessarily. (3)
A bicycle shall not be equipped with a siren or whistle].
4. Brakes. A bicycle shall not be operated on a highway or highway shoulder
without a brake or brakes adequate to control the movement of, or[
to stop, the bicycle within fifteen (15) feet at a speed of ten (10)
miles per hour on a dry, level, clean pavement.
5. Seat. (1)(a) A bicyclist if[
, when] operating on a highway
or highway shoulder[ ,] shall ride[ on or] upon[ astride]
a seat attached to the bicycle[ a permanently attached bicycle seat].
A bicyclist operating on a highway or highway shoulder may transport a person
or persons upon[
in] a seat or carrying
device attached to the bicycle in a manner in which the seat or device is
manufactured and designed to be used.
Section 6. Passengers.] A bicycle[ ,
when being] operated on a highway or highway shoulder[ ,] shall not
carry more than the number of persons for which the bicycle is[ was]
designed or[ is] safely equipped.
6. Transporting a Package and Attaching to a Motor Vehicle. (1)[
Packages.] A bicyclist[ , when] operating on a highway or highway
shoulder[ ,] shall not carry a package, bundle, or article that prevents
the operator from keeping[ at least] one (1) hand on the handle bars.
8. Prohibition Against Attaching to Vehicles.] A bicyclist[ , when]
operating on a highway or highway shoulder[ ,] shall not attach either
the bicycle or himself or herself to a motor[ any other] vehicle.
9.]. Operation of Bicycles. (1) A bicycle shall be operated
in the same manner as a motor vehicle, except that the[ following]
traffic conditions established in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this subsection shall
(1)] A bicycle may be operated on the shoulder of a highway unless
prohibited by law or ordinance.[ Where bicycle travel on
shoulders is permitted, it shall not be required.]
If a highway lane is marked for the exclusive use of bicycles, the operator of
a bicycle shall use the lane unless:
1. Travelling at the legal speed;
2. Preparing for or executing a left turn;
3. Passing a slower moving vehicle;
4. Avoiding a hazard;
5. Avoiding the door zone of a parked vehicle; or
6. Approaching a driveway or intersection where vehicles are permitted to turn right from a lane to the left of the bicycle lane.
Not more than two (2) bicycles shall be operated abreast in a single highway
lane unless part of the roadway is exclusively for bicycle use. Persons
riding two (2) abreast shall not impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic.
(3) A bicycle operated in a highway lane with other vehicle types shall keep to the right unless:
(a) Preparing for and executing a left turn;
(b) Passing a slower moving vehicle;
(c) The lane is too narrow to be considered a shared lane. A bicycle may be ridden far enough to the left to prevent overtaking vehicles from attempting to pass in the same lane;
(d) Approaching an intersection or driveway where right-turn movements are permitted. A bicycle may be ridden far enough to the left to avoid potential conflicts with right turning vehicles;
(e) It is necessary to avoid a hazard. A bicycle may be ridden far enough to the left to provide a reasonable safety space to the right;
The bicycle is operating on a one (1) way street with two (2) or more marked
traffic lanes. A bicyclist may keep[
ride as near as practicable]
to the left side of the roadway subject to the conditions in paragraphs (b)
through (e) of this subsection;
(g) It is necessary for a cyclist to use a lane other than the right lane to continue his or her route;
(h) Preparing for and executing a left turn; or
(h)] The bicycle is operating at
or near a speed consistent with
the prevailing flow of traffic[ the legal speed].
(4)(a) A bicycle may be operated on a sidewalk or a crosswalk unless prohibited by law or ordinance.
(b) A bicyclist operating on a sidewalk or crosswalk shall have the rights and duties of a pedestrian in the same circumstances.
(c) A bicyclist using a sidewalk or crosswalk shall:
Slow to the speed of an ordinary walk where pedestrians are present or
reasonably expected to be present or if approaching a crosswalk,
driveway, or other crossing where a motor vehicle is expected[
2. Not suddenly leave the sidewalk or crosswalk and move into the path of another vehicle that is close enough to constitute an immediate hazard; and
3. Yield to pedestrians using the sidewalk or crosswalk.
(d) A bicyclist operating on a crosswalk or sidewalk shall obey an official traffic control device applicable to a pedestrian unless otherwise directed by a police officer or other officially designated person.
(e) A bicyclist operating on a crosswalk or sidewalk shall yield the right of way to a vehicle if crossing the road at a point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection.
(5) A bicyclist operating on a highway or highway shoulder may proceed after stopping and if safe against a red light if a traffic signal fails to detect the bicycle.
Section 8. Bicycle Parking. (1) Unless prohibited, a bicycle may be parked on a sidewalk if it does not impede the movement of pedestrians or traffic.
(2) A bicycle may be parked in the roadway at an angle to the curb or edge of the roadway at a location where bicycle parking is allowed.
(3) A bicycle shall not be parked or stopped as established for a vehicle in KRS 189.450(5)(b) through (j).
(4) A bicycle may be parked on the roadway abreast of another bicycle or bicycles near the side of a roadway where parking of vehicles is allowed.
MICHAEL W. HANCOCK, P. E., Secretary
REBECCA GOODMAN, Executive Director
D. ANN DANGELO, Office of Legal Services
APPROVED BY AGENCY: February 4, 2014
FILED WITH LRC: February 6, 2014 at noon
CONTACT PERSON: D. Ann DAngelo, Asst. General Counsel, Transportation Cabinet, Office of Legal Services, 200 Mero Street, Frankfort, Kentucky 40622, phone (502) 564-7650, fax (502) 564-5238.