401 KAR 63:060. List of hazardous air pollutants, petitions process, lesser quantity designations, and source category list.

 

      RELATES TO: KRS 224.10-100, 224.20-110, 40 C.F.R. Part 70, 42 U.S.C. 7401-7671q

      STATUTORY AUTHORITY: KRS 224.10-100, 224.20-110, 224.20-120

      NECESSITY, FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS 224.10-100 requires the Environmental and Public Protection Cabinet to prescribe administrative regulations for the prevention, abatement, and control of air pollution. This administrative regulation provides the list of hazardous air pollutants pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 7412(b) as amended in the Federal Register, 61 FR 30823, June 18, 1996 and the list of source categories and subcategories, as published in the Federal Register, 57 FR 31591, July 16, 1992.

 

      Section 1. Definitions. As used in this administrative regulation, terms not defined in this section shall have the meaning given to them in 401 KAR 63:001.

      (1) "Act" means the Clean Air Act promulgated at 42 U.S.C. 7401-7671q, as amended by Pub.L. 101-549, November 15, 1990.

      (2) "Area source" means a stationary source of hazardous air pollutants that is not a major source.

      (3) "Hazardous air pollutant" means a substance listed in Section 2 of this administrative regulation.

      (4) "Major source" means any stationary source or group of stationary sources located within a contiguous area and under common control that emits or has the potential to emit considering controls, in the aggregate, ten (10) tons per year or more of a hazardous air pollutant or twenty-five (25) tons per year or more of any combination of hazardous air pollutants, or a lesser quantity which the cabinet may establish on the basis of the potency, persistence, potential for bioaccumulation, or other characteristics or relevant factors pertaining to the pollutant.

      (5) "Stationary source" means a building, structure, facility, or installation which emits or may emit an air pollutant.

 

      Section 2. List of Hazardous Air Pollutants. The following chemicals are hazardous air pollutants:

 

CAS

number

Chemical name

75070

Acetaldehyde

60355

Acetamide

75058

Acetonitrile

98862

Acetophenone

53963

Acetylaminofluorene

107028

Acrolein

79061

Acrylamide

79107

Acrylic acid

107131

Acrylonitrile

107051

Allyl chloride

92671

4-Aminobiphenyl

62533

Aniline

90040

o-Anisidine

1332214

Asbestos

71432

Benzene (including benzene from gasoline)

92875

Benzidine

98077

Benzotrichloride

100447

Benzyl chloride

92524

Biphenyl

117817

Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP)

542881

Bis(chloromethyl)ether

75252

Bromoform

106990

1,3-Butadiene

156627

Calcium cyanamide

133062

Captan

63252

Carbaryl

75150

Carbon disulfide

56235

Carbon tetrachloride

463581

Carbonyl sulfide

120809

Catechol

133904

Chloramben

57749

Chlordane

7782505

Chlorine

79118

Chloroacetic acid

532274

2-Chloroacetophenone

108907

Chlorobenzene

510156

Chlorobenzilate

67663

Chloroform

107302

Chloromethyl methyl ether

126998

Chloroprene

1319773

Cresols/Cresylic acid (isomers and mixture)

95487

o-Cresol

108394

m-Cresol

106445

p-Cresol

98828

Cumene

94757

2,4-D, salts and esters

3547044

DDE

334883

Diazomethane

132649

Dibenzofurans

96128

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane

84742

Dibutylphthalate

106467

1,4-Dichlorobenzene(p)

91941

3,3-Dichlorobenzidene

111444

Dichloroethyl ether (Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether)

542756

1,3-Dichloropropene

62737

Dichlorvos

111422

Diethanolamine

121697

N,N-Diethyl aniline (N,N-Dimethylaniline)

64675

Diethyl sulfate

119904

3,3-Dimethoxybenzidine

60117

Dimethyl aminoazobenzene

119937

3,3'-Dimethyl benzidine

79447

Dimethyl carbamoyl chloride

68122

Dimethyl formamide

57147

1,1-Dimethyl hydrazine

131113

Dimethyl phthalate

77781

Dimethyl sulfate

534521

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol, and salts

51285

2,4-Dinitrophenol

121142

2,4-Dinitrotoluene

123911

1,4-Dioxane (1,4-Diethyleneoxide)

122667

1,2-Diphenylhydrazine

106898

Epichlorohydrin (1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane)

106887

1,2-epoxybutane

140885

Ethyl acrylate

100414

Ethyl benzene

51796

Ethyl carbamate (Urethane)

75003

Ethyl chloride (Chloroethane)

106934

Ethylene dibromide (Dibromoethane)

107062

Ethylene dichloride (1,2-Dichloroethane)

107211

Ethylene glycol

151564

Ethylene imine (Aziridine)

75218

Ethylene oxide

96457

Ethylene thiourea

75343

Ethylidene dichloride (1,1-Dichloroethane)

50000

Formaldehyde

76448

Heptachlor

118741

Hexachlorobenzene

87683

Hexachlorobutadiene

77474

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene

67721

Hexachloroethane

822060

Hexamethylene-1,6-diisocyanate

680319

Hexamethylphosphoramide

110543

Hexane

302012

Hydrazine

7647010

Hydrochloric acid

7664393

Hydrogen fluoride (Hydrofluoric acid)

123319

Hydroquinone

78591

Isophorone

58899

Lindane (all isomers)

108316

Maleic anhydride

67561

Methanol

72435

Methoxychlor

74839

Methyl bromide (Bromomethane)

74873

Methyl chloride (Chloromethane)

71556

Methyl chloroform (1,1,1-Trichloroethane)

78933

Methyl ethyl ketone (2-Butanone)

60344

Methyl hydrazine

74884

Methyl iodide (Iodomethane)

108101

Methyl isobutyl ketone (Hexone)

624839

Methyl isocyanate

80626

Methyl methacrylate

1634044

Methyl tert butyl ether

101144

4,4-Methylene bis(2-chloroaniline)

75092

Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane)

101688

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI)

101779

4,4'-Methylenedianiline

91203

Naphthalene

98953

Nitrobenzene

92933

4-Nitrobiphenyl

100027

4-Nitrophenol

79469

2-Nitropropane

684935

N-Nitroso-N-methylurea

62759

N-Nitrosodimethylamine

59892

N-Nitrosomorpholine

56382

Parathion

82688

Pentachloronitrobenzene (Quintobenzene)

87865

Pentachlorophenol

108952

Phenol

106503

p-Phenylenediamine

75445

Phosgene

7803512

Phosphine

7723140

Phosphorus

85449

Phthalic anhydride

1336363

Polychlorinated biphenyls (Arochlors)

1120714

1,3-Propane sultone

57578

beta-Propiolactone

123386

Propionaldehyde

114261

Propoxur (Baygon)

78875

Propylene dichloride (1,2-Dichloropropane)

75569

Propylene oxide

75558

1,2-Propylenimine (2-Methyl aziridine)

91225

Quinoline

106514

Quinone

100425

Styrene

96093

Styrene oxide

1746016

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin

79345

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane

127184

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene)

7550450

Titanium tetrachloride

108883

Toluene

95807

2,4-Toluene diamine

584849

2,4-Toluene diisocyanate

95534

o-Toluidine

8001352

Toxaphene (chlorinated camphene)

120821

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene

79005

1,1,2-Trichloroethane

79016

Trichloroethylene

95954

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol

88062

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol

121448

Triethylamine

1582098

Trifluralin

540841

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane

108054

Vinyl acetate

593602

Vinyl bromide

75014

Vinyl chloride

75354

Vinylidene chloride (1,1-Dichloroethylene)

1330207

Xylenes (isomers and mixture)

95476

o-Xylenes

108383

m-Xylenes

106423

p-Xylenes

0

Antimony Compounds

0

Arsenic Compounds (inorganic including arsine)

0

Beryllium Compounds

0

Cadmium Compounds

0

Chromium Compounds

0

Cobalt Compounds

0

Coke Oven Emissions

0

Cyanide Compounds

0

Glycol ethers

0

Lead Compounds

0

Manganese Compounds

0

Mercury Compounds

0

Fine mineral fibers

0

Nickel Compounds

0

Polycyclic Organic Matter

0

Radionuclides (including radon)

0

Selenium Compounds

 

      Section 3. List of Categories and Subcategories of Hazardous Air Pollutants. The following are major and area source categories and subcategories:

      (1) For major sources.

      (a) Fuel combustion.

      1. Engine test facilities;

      2. Industrial boilers;

      3. Institutional/commercial boilers;

      4. Process heaters;

      5. Stationary internal combustion engines; and

      6. Stationary turbines.

      (b) Nonferrous metals processing.

      1. Primary aluminum production;

      2. Secondary aluminum production;

      3. Primary copper smelting;

      4. Primary lead smelting;

      5. Secondary lead smelting;

      6. Lead acid battery manufacturing; and

      7. Primary magnesium refining.

      (c) Ferrous metals processing.

      1. Coke by-product plants;

      2. Coke ovens: charging, top side, and door leaks;

      3. Coke ovens: pushing, quenching, and battery stacks;

      4. Ferroalloys production;

      5. Integrated iron and steel manufacturing;

      6. Nonstainless steel manufacturing-electric arc furnace (EAF) operation;

      7. Stainless steel manufacturing-electric arc furnace (EAF) operation;

      8. Iron foundries;

      9. Steel foundries; and

      10. Steel pickling-HC1 process.

      (d) Mineral products processing.

      1. Alumina processing;

      2. Asphalt/coal, tar application-metal pipes;

      3. Asphalt concrete manufacturing;

      4. Asphalt processing;

      5. Asphalt roofing manufacturing;

      6. Chromium refractories production;

      7. Clay products manufacturing;

      8. Lime manufacturing;

      9. Mineral wool production;

      10. Portland cement manufacturing;

      11. Taconite iron ore processing; and

      12. Wool fiberglass manufacturing.

      (e) Petroleum and natural gas production and refining.

      1. Oil and natural gas production;

      2. Petroleum refineries-catalytic cracking (fluid and other) units, catalytic reforming units, and sulfur plant units; and

      3. Petroleum refineries-other sources not distinctly listed.

      (f) Liquids distribution.

      1. Gasoline distribution (stage i); and

      2. Organic liquids distribution (nongasoline).

      (g) Surface coating processes.

      1. Aerospace industries;

      2. Auto and light duty truck (surface coating);

      3. Flat wood paneling (surface coating);

      4. Large appliance (surface coating);

      5. Magnetic tapes (surface coating);

      6. Manufacture of paints, coatings, and adhesives;

      7. Metal can (surface coating);

      8. Metal coil (surface coating);

      9. Metal furniture (surface coating);

      10. Miscellaneous metal parts and products (surface coating);

      11. Paper and other webs (surface coating);

      12. Plastic parts and products (surface coating);

      13. Printing, coating, and dyeing of fabrics;

      14. Printing/publishing (surface coating);

      15. Shipbuilding and ship repair (surface coating); and

      16. Wood furniture (surface coating).

      (h) Waste treatment and disposal.

      1. Hazardous waste incineration;

      2. Municipal landfills;

      3. Sewage sludge incineration;

      4. Site remediation;

      5. Solid waste treatment, storage and disposal facilities (tsdf); and

      6. Publicly owned treatment works (potw) emissions.

      (i) Agricultural chemicals production.

      1. 2,4-D salts and esters production;

      2. 4-Chloro-2- methylphenoxyacetic acid production;

      3. 4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol production;

      4. Captafol production;

      5. Captan production;

      6. Chloroneb production;

      7. Chlorothalonil production;

      8. Dacthal (tm) production;

      9. Sodium pentachlorophenate production; and

      10. Tordon (tm) acid production.

      (j) Fibers production processes.

      1. Acrylic fibers/modacrylic fibers production;

      2. Rayon production; and

      3. Spandex production.

      (k) Food and agriculture processes.

      1. Baker's yeast manufacturing;

      2. Cellulose food casing manufacturing; and

      3. Vegetable oil production.

      (l) Pharmaceutical production processes: Pharmaceuticals production.

      (m) Polymers and resins production.

      1. Acetal resins production;

      2. Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene production;

      3. Alkyd resins production;

      4. Amino resins production;

      5. Boat manufacturing;

      6. Butadiene-furfural cotrimer (r-11);

      7. Butyl rubber production;

      8. Carboxymethylcellulose production;

      9. Cellophane production;

      10. Cellulose ethers production;

      11. Epichlorohydrin elastomers production;

      12. Epoxy resins production;

      13. Ethylene-propylene elastomers production;

      14. Flexible polyurethane foam production;

      15. Hypalon (tm) production;

      16. Maleic anhydride copolymers production;

      17. Methylcellulose production;

      18. Methyl methacrylate-acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene pro­duction;

      19. Methyl methacrylate-butadiene-styrene terpolymers pro­duction;

      20. Neoprene production;

      21. Nitrile butadiene rubber production;

      22. Nonnylon polyamides production;

      23. Nylon 6 production;

      24. Phenolic resins production;

      25. Polybutadiene rubber production;

      26. Polycarbonates production;

      27. Polyester resins production;

      28. Polyethylene teraphthalate production;

      29. Polymerized vinylidene chloride production;

      30. Polymethyl methacrylate resins production;

      31. Polystyrene production;

      32. Polysulfide rubber production;

      33. Polyvinyl acetate emulsions production;

      34. Polyvinyl alcohol production;

      35. Polyvinyl butyral production;

      36. Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers production;

      37. Reinforced plastic composites production;

      38. Styrene-acrylonitrile production; and

      39. Styrene-butadiene rubber and latex production.

      (n) Production of inorganic chemicals.

      1. Ammonium sulfate production-captrolactam by-products plants;

      2. Antimony oxides manufacturing;

      3. Chlorine production;

      4. Chromium chemicals manufacturing;

      5. Cyanuric chloride production;

      6. Fume silica production;

      7. Hydrochloric acid production;

      8. Hydrogen cyanide production;

      9. Hydrogen fluoride production;

      10. Phosphate fertilizers production;

      11. Phosphoric acid manufacturing;

      12. Quaternary ammonium compounds production;

      13. Sodium cyanide production; and

      14. Uranium hexafluoride production.

      (o) Production of organic chemicals: Synthetic organic chemical manufacturing.

      (p) Miscellaneous processes.

      1. Aerosol can-filling facilities;

      2. Benzyltrimethylammonium chloride production;

      3. Butadiene dimers production;

      4. Carbonyl sulfide production;

      5. Chelating agents production;

      6. Chlorinated paraffins production;

      7. Chromic acid anodizing;

      8. Commercial dry cleaning (perchloroethylene)-transfer machines;

      9. Commercial sterilization facilities;

      10. Decorative chromium electroplating;

      11. Dodencanedioic acid production;

      12. Dry cleaning (petroleum solvent);

      13. Ethylidene norbornene production;

      14. Explosives production;

      15. Halogenated solvent cleaners;

      16. Hard chromium electroplating;

      17. Hydrazine production;

      18. Industrial dry cleaning (perchloroethylene)-transfer machines;

      19. Industrial dry cleaning (perchloroethylene)-dry-to-dry machines;

      20. Industrial process cooling towers;

      21. Obpa/1,3-diisocyanate production;

      22. Paint stripper users;

      23. Photographic chemicals production;

      24. Phthalate plasticizers production;

      25. Plywood/particle board manufacturing;

      26. Polyether polyols production;

      27. Pulp and paper production;

      28. Rocket engine test firing;

      29. Rubber chemicals manufacturing;

      30. Semiconductor manufacturing;

      31. Symmetrical tetrachloropyridine production;

      32. Tire production; and

      33. Wood treatment.

      (2) For area sources.

      (a) Asbestos processing;

      (b) Chromic acid anodizing;

      (c) Commercial dry cleaning (perchloroethylene)-transfer machines;

      (d) Commercial dry cleaning (perchloroethylene)-dry-to-dry machines;

      (e) Commercial sterilization facilities;

      (f) Decorative chromium electroplating;

      (g) Halogenated solvent cleaners; and

      (h) Hard chromium electroplating. (20 Ky.R. 698; Am. 1000; eff. 11-29-93; recodified from 401 KAR 57:061, 6-2-97; 24 Ky.R. 1765; eff. 6-10-98; TAm eff. 8-9-2007.)