401 KAR 63:060. List of hazardous air pollutants, petitions process, lesser quantity designations, and source category list.

 

      RELATES TO: KRS 224.10-100, 224.20-110, 40 C.F.R. Part 63, Part 70, 42 U.S.C. 7401-7671q

      STATUTORY AUTHORITY: KRS 224.10-100, 224.20-110, 224.20-120

      NECESSITY, FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS 224.10-100(5) authorizes the cabinet to promulgate administrative regulations for the prevention, abatement, and control of air pollution. This administrative regulation provides the list of hazardous air pollutants pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 7412(b) as amended in 40 C.F.R. Part 63, Subpart C and the list of source categories and subcategories.

 

      Section 1. Definitions. As used in this administrative regulation, terms not defined in this section shall have the meaning given to them in 40 C.F.R. 63.2.

      (1) "Hazardous air pollutant" means a substance listed in Section 2 of this administrative regulation.

      (2) "MACT" means maximum achievable control technology.

      (3) "Major source" means any stationary source or group of stationary sources located within a contiguous area and under common control that emits or has the potential to emit considering controls, in the aggregate, ten (10) tons per year or more of a hazardous air pollutant or twenty-five (25) tons per year or more of any combination of hazardous air pollutants, or a lesser quantity which the cabinet may establish on the basis of the potency, persistence, potential for bioaccumulation, or other characteristics or relevant factors pertaining to the pollutant.

      (4) "NESHAP" means national emission standards for hazardous air pollutant.

 

      Section 2. List of Hazardous Air Pollutants. The following chemicals are hazardous air pollutants:

CAS number

Chemical name

75070

Acetaldehyde

60355

Acetamide

75058

Acetonitrile

98862

Acetophenone

53963

2-Acetylaminofluorene

107028

Acrolein

79061

Acrylamide

79107

Acrylic acid

107131

Acrylonitrile

107051

Allyl chloride

92671

4-Aminobiphenyl

62533

Aniline

90040

o-Anisidine

1332214

Asbestos

71432

Benzene (including benzene from gasoline)

92875

Benzidine

98077

Benzotrichloride

100447

Benzyl chloride

92524

Biphenyl

117817

Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP)

542881

Bis(chloromethyl)ether

75252

Bromoform

106990

1,3-Butadiene

156627

Calcium cyanamide

133062

Captan

63252

Carbaryl

75150

Carbon disulfide

56235

Carbon tetrachloride

463581

Carbonyl sulfide

120809

Catechol

133904

Chloramben

57749

Chlordane

7782505

Chlorine

79118

Chloroacetic acid

532274

2-Chloroacetophenone

108907

Chlorobenzene

510156

Chlorobenzilate

67663

Chloroform

107302

Chloromethyl methyl ether

126998

Chloroprene

1319773

Cresols/Cresylic acid (isomers and mixture)

95487

o-Cresol

108394

m-Cresol

106445

p-Cresol

98828

Cumene

94757

2,4-D, salts and esters

3547044

DDE

334883

Diazomethane

132649

Dibenzofurans

96128

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane

84742

Dibutylphthalate

106467

1,4-Dichlorobenzene(p)

91941

3,3-Dichlorobenzidene

111444

Dichloroethyl ether (Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether)

542756

1,3-Dichloropropene

62737

Dichlorvos

111422

Diethanolamine

121697

N,N-Diethyl aniline (N,N-Dimethylaniline)

64675

Diethyl sulfate

119904

3,3-Dimethoxybenzidine

60117

Dimethyl aminoazobenzene

119937

3,3'-Dimethyl benzidine

79447

Dimethyl carbamoyl chloride

68122

Dimethyl formamide

57147

1,1-Dimethyl hydrazine

131113

Dimethyl phthalate

77781

Dimethyl sulfate

534521

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol, and salts

51285

2,4-Dinitrophenol

121142

2,4-Dinitrotoluene

123911

1,4-Dioxane (1,4-Diethyleneoxide)

122667

1,2-Diphenylhydrazine

106898

Epichlorohydrin (1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane)

106887

1,2-Epoxybutane

140885

Ethyl acrylate

100414

Ethyl benzene

51796

Ethyl carbamate (Urethane)

75003

Ethyl chloride (Chloroethane)

106934

Ethylene dibromide (Dibromoethane)

107062

Ethylene dichloride (1,2-Dichloroethane)

107211

Ethylene glycol

151564

Ethylene imine (Aziridine)

75218

Ethylene oxide

96457

Ethylene thiourea

75343

Ethylidene dichloride (1,1-Dichloroethane)

50000

Formaldehyde

76448

Heptachlor

118741

Hexachlorobenzene

87683

Hexachlorobutadiene

77474

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene

67721

Hexachloroethane

822060

Hexamethylene-1,6-diisocyanate

680319

Hexamethylphosphoramide

110543

Hexane

302012

Hydrazine

7647010

Hydrochloric acid

7664393

Hydrogen fluoride (Hydrofluoric acid)

123319

Hydroquinone

78591

Isophorone

58899

Lindane (all isomers)

108316

Maleic anhydride

67561

Methanol

72435

Methoxychlor

74839

Methyl bromide (Bromomethane)

74873

Methyl chloride (Chloromethane)

71556

Methyl chloroform (1,1,1-Trichloroethane)

60344

Methyl hydrazine

74884

Methyl iodide (Iodomethane)

108101

Methyl isobutyl ketone (Hexone)

624839

Methyl isocyanate

80626

Methyl methacrylate

1634044

Methyl tert butyl ether

101144

4,4-Methylene bis(2-chloroaniline)

75092

Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane)

101688

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI)

101779

4,4'-Methylenedianiline

91203

Naphthalene

98953

Nitrobenzene

92933

4-Nitrobiphenyl

100027

4-Nitrophenol

79469

2-Nitropropane

684935

N-Nitroso-N-methylurea

62759

N-Nitrosodimethylamine

59892

N-Nitrosomorpholine

56382

Parathion

82688

Pentachloronitrobenzene (Quintobenzene)

87865

Pentachlorophenol

108952

Phenol

106503

p-Phenylenediamine

75445

Phosgene

7803512

Phosphine

7723140

Phosphorus

85449

Phthalic anhydride

1336363

Polychlorinated biphenyls (Arochlors)

1120714

1,3-Propane sultone

57578

beta-Propiolactone

123386

Propionaldehyde

114261

Propoxur (Baygon)

78875

Propylene dichloride (1,2-Dichloropropane)

75569

Propylene oxide

75558

1,2-Propylenimine (2-Methyl aziridine)

91225

Quinoline

106514

Quinone

100425

Styrene

96093

Styrene oxide

1746016

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin

79345

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane

127184

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene)

7550450

Titanium tetrachloride

108883

Toluene

95807

2,4-Toluene diamine

584849

2,4-Toluene diisocyanate

95534

o-Toluidine

8001352

Toxaphene (chlorinated camphene)

120821

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene

79005

1,1,2-Trichloroethane

79016

Trichloroethylene

95954

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol

88062

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol

121448

Triethylamine

1582098

Trifluralin

540841

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane

108054

Vinyl acetate

593602

Vinyl bromide

75014

Vinyl chloride

75354

Vinylidene chloride (1,1-Dichloroethylene)

1330207

Xylenes (isomers and mixture)

95476

o-Xylenes

108383

m-Xylenes

106423

p-Xylenes

0

Antimony Compounds

0

Arsenic Compounds (inorganic including arsine)

0

Beryllium Compounds

0

Cadmium Compounds

0

Chromium Compounds

0

Cobalt Compounds

0

Coke Oven Emissions

0

Cyanide Compounds1

0

Glycol ethers2

0

Lead Compounds

0

Manganese Compounds

0

Mercury Compounds

0

Fine mineral fibers3

0

Nickel Compounds

0

Polycyclic Organic Matter4

0

Radionuclides (including radon)5

0

Selenium Compounds

      Footnotes: For all listings in the table that contain the word "compounds" and for glycol ethers, the following applies: Unless otherwise specified, these listings are defined as including any unique chemical substance that contains the named chemical as part of that chemical’s infrastructure.

1 X’CN where X = H’ or any other group where a formal dissociation may occur.

2 Glycol ethers include mono- and di-ethers of ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, and triethylene glycol R-(OCH2CH2)n-OR’.

      Where:

      n = 1, 2, or 3;

      R = alkyl C7 or less; or

      R = phenyl or alkyl substituted phenyl;

      R’ = H or alkyl C7 or less; or

      OR’ consisting of carboxylic acid ester, sulfate, phosphate, nitrate, or sulfonate.

3 Includes mineral fiber emissions from facilities manufacturing or processing glass, rock, or slag fibers (or other mineral derived fibers) of average diameter one (1) micrometer or less.

4 Includes organic compounds with more than one (1) benzene ring and that have a boiling point greater than or equal to 100°C.

5 A type of atom that spontaneously undergoes radioactive decay.

 

      Section 3. List of Categories and Subcategories of Hazardous Air Pollutants. The following are major and area source categories and subcategories:

      (1) Major sources:

      (a) Aerospace industries;

      (b) Asphalt processing and asphalt roofing manufacturing;

      (c) Auto and light duty truck (surface coating);

      (d) Boat manufacturing;

      (e) Brick and structural clay products;

      (f) Cellulose products manufacturing:

      1. Cellulose ethers production:

      a. Methyl cellulose;

      b. Carboxymethylcellulose; or

      c. Cellulose ethers; or

      2. Miscellaneous viscose processes:

      a. Cellulose food casing;

      b. Rayon;

      c. Cellulosic sponge; or

      d. Cellophane;

      (g) Chemical recovery combustion sources at kraft, soda, sulfite and stand-alone semi-chemical pulp mills - MACT II;

      (h) Chromium electroplating:

      1. Chromic acid anodizing;

      2. Decorative acid; or

      3. Hard chromium electroplating;

      (i) Clay ceramics ceramics manufacturing;

      (j) Coke ovens: charging, top side and door leaks;

      (k) Coke ovens: pushing, quenching and battery;

      (l) Combustion turbines;

      (m) Commercial sterilizers;

      (n) Dry cleaning:

      1. Commercial dry cleaning dry-to-dry;

      2. Commercial dry cleaning transfer machines;

      3. Industrial dry cleaning dry-to-dry; or

      4. Industrial dry cleaning transfer machines;

      (o) Engine test cells/stands;

      (p) Fabric printing, coating, and dyeing;

      (q) Ferroalloys production: silicomanganese and ferromanganese;

      (r) Flexible polyurethane foam fabrication operations;

      (s) Flexible polyurethane foam production;

      (t) Friction materials manufacturing;

      (u) Gasoline distribution (Stage 1);

      (v) Generic MACT I:

      1. Acetal resins production;

      2. Acrylic fibers/modacrylic fibers production;

      3. Hydrogen fluoride production; or

      4. Polycarbonates production;

      (w) Generic MACT II:

      1. Carbon black production;

      2. Spandex production;

      3. Cyanide chemicals manufacturing; or

      4. Ethylene processes;

      (x) Hazardous waste combustors;

      (y) Hydrochloric acid production;

      (z) Industrial/commercial/institutional boilers and process heaters;

      (aa) Industrial process cooling towers;

      (bb) Integrated iron and steel manufacturing;

      (cc) Iron and steel foundries;

      (dd) Large appliance (surface coating);

      (ee) Leather finishing operations;

      (ff) Lime manufacturing;

      (gg) Magnetic tapes (surface coating);

      (hh) Manufacturing of nutritional yeast;

      (ii) Marine vessel loading operations;

      (jj) Metal can (surface coating);

      (kk) Metal coil (surface coating);

      (ll) Metal furniture (surface coating);

      (mm) Mineral wool production;

      (nn) Miscellaneous coatings manufacturing;

      (oo) Miscellaneous metal parts and products (surface coating);

      (pp) Miscellaneous organic chemical manufacturing:

      1. Alkyd resins;

      2. Ammonium sulfate production-caprolactum by-products;

      3. Benzyltrimethylammonium chloride;

      4. Carbonyl sulfide;

      5. Chelating agents;

      6. Chlorinated paraffins;

      7. Ethylidene norbornene;

      8. Explosives;

      9. Hydrazine;

      10. Maleic anhydride copolymers;

      11. OBPA/1, 3–diisocyanate;

      12. Photographic chemicals;

      13. Phthalate plasticizers;

      14. Polyester resins;

      15. Polymerized vinylidene chloride;

      16. Polymethyl methacrylate resins;

      17. Polyvinyl acetate emulsions;

      18. Polyvinyl alcohol;

      19. Polyvinyl butyral;

      20. Quaternary ammonium compounds;

      21. Rubber chemicals; or

      22. Symmetrical tetrachloropyridine;

      (qq) Municipal solid waste landfills;

      (rr) Off-site waste and recovery operations;

      (ss) Oil and natural gas production;

      (tt) Organic liquids distribution (non-gasoline);

      (uu) Paper and other web (surface coating);

      (vv) Pesticide active ingredient production:

      1. 4-chloro-2-methyl acid production;

      2. 2,3 salts and esters production;

      3. 4,6-dinitro-o-cresol production;

      4. Butadiene furfural cotrimer;

      5. Captafol production;

      6. Captan production;

      7. Chloroneb production;

      8. Chlorothalonil production;

      9. Dacthal (tm) production;

      10. Sodium pentachlorophenate production; or

      11. Tordon (tm) acid production;

      (ww) Petroleum refineries - catalytic cracking units, catalytic reforming units, and sulfur recovery units;

      (xx) Petroleum refineries - other sources not distinctly listed;

      (yy) Pharmaceuticals productions;

      (zz) Phosphate fertilizers production and phosphoric acid manufacturing;

      (aaa) Plastic parts and products (surface coating);

      (bbb) Plywood and composite wood products;

      (ccc) Polyether polyols production;

      (ddd) Polymers and resins:

      1. Butyl rubber;

      2. Epichlorohydrin elastomers;

      3. Ethylene-propylene rubber;

      4. Hypalon (tm);

      5. Neoprene;

      6. Nitrile butadiene rubber;

      7. Polybutadiene rubber;

      8. Polysulfide rubber; or

      9. Styrene-butadiene rubber and latex;

      (eee) Polymers and resins II:

      1. Epoxy resins; or

      2. Non-nylon polyamides;

      (fff) Polymers and resins III—Amino/phenolic resins;

      (ggg) Polymers and resins IV:

      1. Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene;

      2. Methyl methacrylate-acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene;

      3. Methyl methacrylate-butadiene-styrene terpolymers;

      4. Nitrile resins;

      5. Polyethylene terephthalate;

      6. Polystyrene; or

      7. Styrene-acrylonitrile;

      (hhh) Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers;

      (iii) Portland cement manufacturing;

      (jjj) Primary aluminum;

      (kkk) Primary copper smelting;

      (lll) Primary lead smelting;

      (mmm) Primary magnesium refining;

      (nnn) Printing and publishing (surface coating);

      (ooo) Publicly owned treatment works;

      (ppp) Pulp and paper production (MACT I and III);

      (qqq) Reciprocating internal combustion engines;

      (rrr) Refractory products manufacturing;

      (sss) Reinforced plastic composites production;

      (ttt) Rubber tire manufacturing;

      (uuu) Secondary aluminum production;

      (vvv) Secondary lead smelting;

      (www) Semiconductor manufacturing;

      (xxx) Shipbuilding and ship repair (surface coating);

      (yyy) Site remediation;

      (zzz) Solvent extraction for vegetable oil production;

      (aaaa) Steel pickling - HCl process facilities and hydrochloric acid regeneration plants;

      (bbbb) Synthetic organic chemical manufacturing - hazardous organic NESHAP –tetrahydrobenzaldehyde manufacture;

      (cccc) Taconite iron ore processing;

      (dddd) Wet-formed fiberglass mat production;

      (eeee) Wood building products (surface coating);

      (ffff) Wood furniture (surface coating); or

      (gggg) Wool fiberglass manufacturing;

      (2) Area sources:

      (a) Acrylic fibers/modacrylic fibers production;

      (b) Agricultural chemicals and pesticide manufacturing;

      (c) Aluminum foundries;

      (d) Asphalt processing and asphalt roofing manufacturing;

      (e) Autobody refinishing paint shops;

      (f) Carbon black production;

      (g) Chemical manufacturing: Chromium compounds;

      (h) Chemical preparations;

      (i) Chromic acid anodizing;

      (j) Clay products manufacturing (clay ceramics manufacturing);

      (k) Commercial sterilization facilities;

      (l) Copper foundries;

      (m) Cyclic crude and intermediate production;

      (n) Decorative chromium electroplating;

      (o) Dry cleaning facilities;

      (p) Electrical and electronic equipment – finishing operations;

      (q) Fabricated metal products;

      (r) Fabricated plate work;

      (s) Fabricated structural metal manufacturing;

      (t) Ferroalloys production: Ferromanganese and Silicomanganese;

      (u) Flexible polyurethane foam fabrication operations;

      (v) Flexible polyurethane foam production;

      (w) Gas distribution stage 1;

      (x) Halogenated solvent cleaners;

      (y) Hard chromium electroplating;

      (z) Hazardous waste incineration;

      (aa) Heating equipment, except electric;

      (bb) Hospital sterilizers;

      (cc) Industrial boilers fired by coal, wood and oil;

      (dd) Industrial inorganic chemical manufacturing;

      (ee) Industrial machinery and equipment – finish operations;

      (ff) Industrial organic chemical manufacturing;

      (gg) Inorganic pigments manufacturing;

      (hh) Institutional/commercial boilers fired by coal, wood and oil;

      (ii) Iron and steel forging;

      (jj) Iron foundries;

      (kk) Lead acid battery manufacturing;

      (ll) Medical waste incinerators;

      (mm) Mercury cell chlor-alkali plants;

      (nn) Miscellaneous organic NESHAP;

      (oo) Municipal landfills;

      (pp) Municipal waste combustors (MWC);

      (qq) Nonferrous foundries;

      (rr) Oil and natural gas production;

      (ss) Paint strippers;

      (tt) Paints and allied products manufacturing;

      (uu) Pharmaceutical production;

      (vv) Plastic materials and resins manufacturing;

      (ww) Plastic parts and products (surface coating);

      (xx) Plating and polishing;

      (yy) Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers production;

      (zz) Portland cement;

      (aaa) Prepared feeds materials;

      (bbb) Pressed and blown glass and glassware manufacturing;

      (ccc) Primary copper (not subject to MACT);

      (ddd) Primary metal products manufacturing;

      (eee) Primary nonferrous metals (Zn, Cd and Be);

      (fff) Public owned treatment works;

      (ggg) Secondary copper smelting;

      (hhh) Secondary lead smelting;

      (iii) Secondary nonferrous metals;

      (jjj) Sewage sludge incineration;

      (kkk) Stainless and nonstainless steel manufacturing electric arc furnace;

      (lll) Stationary internal combustion engines;

      (mmm) Steel foundries;

      (nnn) Synthetic rubber manufacturing;

      (ooo) Valves and pipe fittings; or

      (ppp) Wood preserving. (20 Ky.R. 698; Am. 1000; eff. 11-29-1993; recodified from 401 KAR 57:061, 6-2-1997; 24 Ky.R. 1765; eff. 6-10-1998; TAm eff. 8-9-2007; 43 Ky.R. 1043; eff. 3-3-2017.)