††††† 400 KAR 1:090. Administrative hearings practice provisions.
††††† RELATES TO: KRS 146.450, 146.530, 146.990, 151.125, 151.182, 151.184, 223.200, 223.420, 223.991, 224.10-270, 224.10-410, 224.10-420, 224.10-430, 224.10-440, 224.20-755(7), 224.60-130, 224.60-140, 350.028, 350.0301, 350.070, 350.090, 350.093, 350.130, 350.255, 350.465, 350.990, 30 C.F.R. Parts 724, 730, 731, 732, 733, 735, 917, 30 U.S.C. 1253, 1255
††††† STATUTORY AUTHORITY: KRS Chapter 13A, 146.450, 146.990, 151.125, 223.200, 223.991, 224.10-100, 224.10-420, 224.10-430, 224.60-120, 350.020, 350.028, 350.0301, 350. 465, 350.610, 30 C.F.R. Parts 724, 730, 731, 732, 733, 735, 917, 30 U.S.C. 1253, 1255
††††† NECESSITY, FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS Chapter 350 in pertinent part authorizes the cabinet to promulgate administrative regulations pertaining to surface coal mining and reclamation operations and coal exploration operations. This administrative regulation sets forth practice provisions for the permanent regulatory program in addition to those found in 405 KAR 7:091 and 405 KAR 7:092. KRS Chapters 224 and portions of KRS Chapters 146 and 223 in pertinent part authorize the cabinet to promulgate administrative regulations pertaining to the conduct of administrative hearings concerning matters covered by KRS Chapters 146, 223, and 224. This administrative regulation sets forth practice provisions for the administration of matters falling under KRS Chapters 146, 223 and 224. KRS Chapter 151 in pertinent part authorizes the secretary to promulgate, without notice or hearing, rules and administrative regulations with respect to procedural aspects of administrative hearings. This administrative regulation sets forth practice provisions for the administration of matters falling under KRS Chapter 151.
††††† Section 1. Applicability. This administrative regulation shall govern the conduct by the cabinet of all administrative hearings authorized by KRS Chapters 151, 224, and 350, and pertinent portions of KRS Chapters 146 and 223, including those pending at the time this administrative regulation becomes effective.
††††† Section 2. Construction. This administrative regulation shall be construed liberally and in conformity with reasonable administrative practice to achieve just, timely and inexpensive determinations of matters before the office. This administrative regulation is not intended to be comprehensive, and nothing contained herein shall be construed to limit the authority of a hearing officer to govern the conduct of his docket or the procedural course of a particular administrative hearing as authorized by statute and administrative regulation and in accordance with reasonable administrative practice.
††††† Section 3. Assignment of Case Numbers and Captions. (1) Assignment of case numbers. The office shall stamp each initiating document filed on the date received by the office and shall assign a file number to that document.
††††† (2) Captions generally. All initiating documents, pleadings, motions, orders and all other papers filed in any case before the office shall be uniformly marked in the caption to indicate the file number(s) and, where applicable, shall show the permit number(s), the noncompliance number(s), the cessation order number(s), the notice of violation number(s), the petitionerís or plaintiff's name(s), the respondentís or defendant's name(s), and any intervenors' names.
††††† (3) Consolidated case captions. All documents filed in consolidated proceedings shall list all case file numbers as set forth in subsection (2) of this section. If a document filed in a consolidated proceeding pertains to some, but not all, of the cases consolidated, the party filing such a document shall indicate in the text thereof the case(s) to which the document applies.
††††† Section 4. Facsimile Filings. (1) Time and manner of filing. Persons filing documents with the office may file such documents by telefacsimile machine at the telefacsimile number listed for the office. The telefacsimile document shall be stamped filed according to the time and date stamp placed on the telefacsimile copy by the telefacsimile machine and shall be promptly filed in the record upon retrieval from the telefacsimile machine. If the telefacsimile machine malfunctions, the telefacsimile document shall be stamped as of the date actually received in the office.
††††† (2) Originals filed. Parties filing by telefacsimile machine shall promptly after telefaxing a document file the original of the document with the office. The original shall be file stamped on the date actually received by the office. The effective date of filing shall be the date of the receipt in the office of the telefacsimile document or the original document, whichever is earlier.
††††† Section 5. Initiating Documents, Answers and Responsive Pleadings. (1) Initiating documents. In addition to other administrative regulations governing the contents of an initiating document, an initiating document shall identify by name and file number all related actions pending before the office known to the filing party, and shall set forth the current, complete and correct name, address, telephone number, and telefax number, if any, of the filing party and, if he is represented, his counsel.
††††† (2) Answers and responsive pleadings. In addition to other administrative regulations governing the contents of an answer or responsive pleading, an answer or responsive pleading, if required or permitted, shall set forth other matters to be considered in the action, and shall set forth the current, complete and correct name, address, telephone number, and telefax number, if any, of the responding party and, if he is represented, his counsel. If a responding party is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief as to the truth of an allegation, he shall so state and this shall have the effect of a denial.
††††† (3) Effect of failure to deny. Allegations in a pleading to which no responsive pleading is required or permitted shall be taken as denied or avoided. Allegations in a pleading to which a responsive pleading is required may be deemed admitted when not denied in the responsive pleading. Failure to plead any available administrative affirmative defense in a required responsive pleading may constitute a waiver of such defense, except that lack of jurisdiction over the subject matter and failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted shall not be waived by failure to assert them in a responsive pleading.
††††† Section 6. Prehearing Conferences. (1) General provisions. To the extent practicable, a prehearing conference shall be held in all cases filed with the office.
††††† (2) Telephonic prehearing conferences. Prehearing conferences may be held in person or by telephone. Any party who requests a telephonic prehearing conference shall initiate the conference call, unless the hearing officer orders otherwise.
††††† Section 7. Mediation. (1) General provisions.
††††† (a) Referral to mediation. At any time prior to the conclusion of the final prehearing conference, a hearing officer may, by appropriate order, refer all or any part of any case to nonbinding mediation. A case shall not be referred for mediation if the cabinet advises the hearing officer that mediation would require deviation from statutory or regulatory requirements. Cases may be referred to any mediator employed by the office or approved by the chief hearing officer.
††††† (b) Disqualification of mediator. Any party may move the hearing officer to enter an order disqualifying the mediator for good cause, except that employment by the cabinet shall not constitute good cause for such disqualification. If the hearing officer rules that a mediator is disqualified from mediating the case, he shall enter an order referring the matter to another mediator. Nothing in this provision shall preclude a mediator from disqualifying himself or refusing any assignment. Unless the hearing officer orders otherwise, the time for mediation shall be tolled during any periods in which a motion to disqualify is pending.
††††† (c) Statements not admissible. No statements or admissions made for the purpose of mediation are subject to disclosure through discovery, nor may they be admitted in evidence at an administrative hearing or used by the hearing officer in making any report and recommendation to the secretary.
††††† (d) Proceedings not stayed. Referral of a case to mediation shall not operate as a stay of discovery or other prehearing proceedings, unless otherwise ordered by the hearing officer or agreed to in writing by the parties. While a case is in mediation, the hearing officer may schedule periodic prehearing conferences to ascertain the status of mediation.
††††† (2) Mediation conferences.
††††† (a) Time and purpose of conference. Within ten (10) days from the entry of a mediation referral order, the mediator shall schedule a mediation conference, which shall be held within thirty (30) days from the entry of the mediation referral order unless otherwise agreed to in writing by the parties. The conference shall be conducted by the mediator to consider the possibility of settlement, the simplification of the issues and any other matters which the mediator and the parties determine may aid in the handling or the disposition of the proceedings.
††††† (b) Duration. The mediator may schedule such sessions as are necessary to complete the process of mediation, and mediation shall continue until the parties have reached a settlement, until any party is unwilling to proceed further, until the mediator determines that further efforts would be of no avail, or until the hearing officer orders the matter remanded from mediation. After the conclusion of the first mediation conference, any party may move the hearing officer to remove the case from mediation and to set the case for a prehearing conference or an administrative hearing.
††††† (c) Appearance at conference. The parties shall attend the mediation conference(s). Counsel may also be present. If a party to mediation is the cabinet or any other public entity, that party shall be deemed to appear at a mediation conference by the presence of a representative with full authority to negotiate on behalf of the cabinet or other entity and to recommend settlement to the secretary or to the appropriate decision-making body of the entity. In all other cases, a party is deemed to appear at a mediation conference if that party or a representative having full authority to negotiate on behalf of that party is present.
††††† (d) Production of documents and witnesses. The mediator may request that the parties bring documents or witnesses, including expert witnesses, to the mediation sessions, but has no authority to order such production.
††††† (3) Reporting to the hearing officer.
††††† (a) Refusal to accept. The mediator shall notify the hearing officer promptly in writing when a case is not accepted for mediation.
††††† (b) Remand prior to settlement. At any time after the case has been referred for mediation, the mediator may for good cause in writing return the case to the hearing officer. The hearing officer shall promptly thereafter schedule a prehearing conference or an administrative hearing.
††††† (c) Full settlement. If a case is settled prior to or during mediation, an attorney for one (1) of the parties shall promptly prepare and submit to the hearing officer an agreed order reflecting the terms of the settlement in accordance with Section 16 of this administrative regulation.
††††† (d) Partial settlement. If some but not all of the issues in the case are settled during mediation or if agreements are reached to limit discovery or on any other matter, the parties shall, within ten (10) days of the conclusion of mediation, file with the office a joint statement enumerating the issues that have been resolved and the issues that remain for an administrative hearing. The hearing officer shall then return the matter to his active docket and promptly schedule a prehearing conference or an administrative hearing.
††††† (e) Mediator's report. Within ten (10) days of the conclusion of cases accepted for mediation, the mediator shall state in writing to the hearing officer that the mediation process has ended. If the parties do not reach an agreement as to any matter as a result of mediation, the mediator shall state in writing the lack of an agreement to the hearing officer and shall make no other comment or recommendation.
††††† Section 8. Entry of Appearance and Notice of Withdrawal. (1) Filing of notice of entry of appearance. All attorneys representing parties before the office must file a written notice of entry of appearance in each case before they may practice in that case before the office. The notice of entry of appearance must set forth the current, complete and correct name, address, telephone number and telefax number, if any, of the attorney and his client. An attorney is not required to file a separate notice of entry of appearance if he files the initial pleading on behalf of his client in conformity with Section 5 of this administrative regulation.
††††† (2) Withdrawal of representation. An attorney of record shall not withdraw from representation in a proceeding before the office without leave of the hearing officer. Leave shall be given unless the hearing officer determines that the withdrawal will result in substantial prejudice or will unduly delay the consideration and resolution of the case.
††††† (3) Filing of notice of change of address. Each party or, if he is represented, his counsel shall promptly notify the office of any change of address, telephone number, or telefax number required to be filed pursuant to this administrative regulation by filing a notice of entry of change of address in the record.
††††† Section 9. Motion Practice. (1) General provisions. All requests for relief which are not required to be made in a pleading shall be in the form of a motion. All motions filed with the office shall state precisely the relief requested, with citations to the record, the administrative regulations or the law as appropriate. All written motions shall comply with the provisions of this section. Failure to comply with this section may be grounds for denying the motion.
††††† (2) Motions. All motions filed with the office going to the merits of a case, including motions to dismiss, motions for summary disposition, motions to strike, and motions on the pleadings shall be accompanied by a brief memorandum setting forth the grounds for the motion and shall contain citation of authorities relied upon.
††††† (a) No memorandum in support of a motion longer than twenty-five (25) pages in length shall be filed in the office without prior leave of a hearing officer.
††††† (b) A motion shall indicate in its caption the nature of the motion.
††††† (3) Responses. Any party served with a motion may file a response memorandum opposing the motion, with citation of supporting authorities.
††††† (a) A response memorandum shall be filed no later than fifteen (15) days of the date of service of a motion unless a different response time is ordered by the hearing officer. The time for filing a response memorandum may be extended once without leave of the hearing officer for no more than thirty (30) additional days by written agreement of all parties filed in the office prior to the deadline for filing that is being extended.
††††† (b) No response memorandum longer than twenty-five (25) pages in length shall be filed in the office without prior leave of a hearing officer.
††††† (c) A response memorandum shall indicate in its caption that it is a response memorandum.
††††† (4) Replies. Any party served with a response memorandum may file a reply memorandum addressing only matters initially raised in the response.
††††† (a) A reply memorandum shall be filed no later than five (5) days of the date of service of a response memorandum unless a different reply period is ordered by the hearing officer. The time for filing a reply memorandum may be extended once without leave of the hearing officer for no more than ten (10) additional days by written agreement of all parties filed in the office prior to the deadline for filing that is being extended.
††††† (b) No reply memorandum longer than ten (10) pages in length shall be filed in the office without prior leave of a hearing officer.
††††† (c) A reply memorandum shall indicate in its caption that it is a reply memorandum.
††††† (5) Failure to file supporting memorandum. Failure to file a memorandum in support of a motion or in support of a response or reply may be grounds for ruling against the party failing to file the supporting memorandum.
††††† (6) Format of memoranda. All motions, memoranda, pleadings and briefs filed with the office shall conform to the following requirements:
††††† (a) Paper size and binding. All motions, memoranda, pleadings and briefs shall be on eight and one-half (8 1/2) inches by eleven (11) inches paper stock. Filings shall not be side-bound or top-bound with bindings that interfere with the inclusion of the papers or pleadings in the office files unless permitted by the hearing officer.
††††† (b) Type size and style. All motions, memoranda, pleadings and briefs shall be in type no smaller than ten (10) point nor closer than twelve (12) pitch.
††††† (c) Signature. All motions, memoranda, pleadings and briefs shall be signed by the party or counsel submitting same and shall include the name, address, telephone number and telefax number, if any, of the attorney of record or party filing such document.
††††† (d) Certificate of service. All documents served under these administrative regulations shall have proof of service by a written certification. Proof of service shall state the date and method of service and shall be signed by a person who can verify service.
††††† (7) Originals only filed. Unless otherwise ordered by the hearing officer, only the original motion, memorandum, pleading or brief, together with any telefacsimile thereof, shall be filed with the office.
††††† (8) Submission of authority. If a person filing a motion, brief or memorandum has relied upon a pertinent case decision or other legal authority in the motion, brief or memorandum, that person may file with such motion, brief or memorandum a copy of the case decision or other legal authority. If the person files a copy of authority, he shall serve upon all other parties to the case a copy of the case decision or other legal authority with the memorandum or motion.
††††† (9) Proposed orders. No motion, response or memorandum supporting or opposing a motion shall be accepted for filing by the office unless accompanied by a tendered separate proposed order granting the requested relief or denying the motion. The tendered order shall contain a service page listing the current, correct and complete names and addresses of all parties and counsel of record upon whom the office is required to serve the order. Parties may submit proposed orders in electronic form if accompanied by a hard copy.
††††† (10) Good cause exception. The hearing officer may exempt a party from compliance with subsections (6) and (9) of this section upon a showing of good cause or undue hardship.
††††† Section 10. Hearings on Motions. (1) Requests for hearing on motion. Any party making a motion may request that such motion be heard before the hearing officer assigned to the case in which the motion is made. A request for a hearing on a motion shall give notice that the motion will be heard on any regularly scheduled motion day for the hearing officer that follows the expiration of the time for filing a reply memorandum unless otherwise ordered by the hearing officer.
††††† (2) Court reporter. Any party may arrange for a court reporter to record a hearing on a motion. The party requesting the court reporter shall bear all appearance costs and expenses associated with having the court reporter at the motion hearing.
††††† (3) Motion days. Motion days shall be conducted on a regular basis according to a schedule established by the office. The office shall post a current schedule which sets forth the time, place and date of upcoming motion days.
††††† (4) Failure to appear at hearing. A hearing officer before whom a motion is made may deny any motion for which a movant schedules or notices a hearing and fails to appear. A hearing officer before whom a motion is made may grant any motion for which a movant schedules or notices a hearing and the nonmovant fails to appear, upon proof by the movant filed in the record that the motion was served on the nonmoving party.
††††† Section 11. Motion for Continuance. No motion for a continuance shall be granted if made within two (2) days of a prehearing conference or fifteen (15) days of an administrative hearing, unless compelling cause is shown therefor. All motions for a continuance shall be in writing, shall be filed with the office, and shall be served upon all other parties to the case. Continuances shall not be granted upon oral motion absent good cause shown.
††††† Section 12. Directed Recommendation. (1) Time and standard. At the close of the presentation of evidence by a party at an administrative hearing, the opposing party may move the hearing officer for a directed recommendation to the secretary. The moving party shall state the specific grounds therefor. In ruling on the motion for directed recommendation, the hearing officer shall consider all of the evidence presented at the administrative hearing by the nonmoving party and shall draw all inferences therefrom in favor of the nonmoving party. If, after so considering the evidence, the hearing officer determines that the nonmoving party has failed to meet his burden of proof, the hearing officer shall grant the moving party's motion and shall recommend that the secretary deny the nonmoving party's request for relief.
††††† (2) Motion for directed recommendation not a waiver. A motion for a directed recommendation is not a waiver of an administrative hearing. A party who moves for a directed recommendation at the close of the evidence offered by an opponent may offer evidence in the event that the motion is not granted, without having to reserve the right to do so and to the same extent as if the motion had not been made.
††††† Section 13. Dismissal for Failure to Prosecute. Cases which have been on the docket of the office for a period of one (1) year without any activity shall be dismissed, with prejudice, for failure to prosecute unless there is good cause shown why they should not be dismissed. Once per year the office shall determine all cases in which no activity has been taken for one (1) year or more. Thereafter, the hearing officer to whom such cases are assigned shall issue an order directing the petitioner or plaintiff of the case to show cause why the case should not be dismissed. If the petitioner or plaintiff does not show good cause why the matter should not be dismissed, the hearing officer shall recommend dismissal of the matter.
††††† Section 14. Filing Exceptions. (1) Filing with the office. Any party filing exceptions to a hearing officer's report and recommendation or a response to such exceptions as provided for by statute or administrative regulation shall file the exceptions or response in the record of the case in the office. All such exceptions and responses shall conform to the format for motion memoranda specified in Section 9(6) of this administrative regulation.
††††† (2) Draft order of the secretary. All parties filing exceptions to a hearing officer's report and recommendation shall tender with their exceptions a draft final order for the secretary. The excepting party's draft final order shall set out the relief the party requests in its exceptions. The tendered order shall contain a service page listing the current, correct and complete names and addresses of all parties and counsel of record upon whom the cabinet is required to serve the order. Parties may submit proposed orders in electronic form if accompanied by a hard copy.
††††† (3) Good cause exception. The secretary may exempt a party from compliance with the formatting requirements of subsection (1) of this section and the requirements of subsection (2) of this section upon a showing of good cause or undue hardship.
††††† Section 15. Filing Transcripts. (1) Transcript to be filed on use. Any party who obtains a transcript of a proceeding before the office and who cites to, quotes from or otherwise relies upon that transcript in any document filed with the office shall file a complete copy of the transcript in the record in the office, unless a copy of the transcript has been previously filed in the record.
††††† (2) Time for filing. Any party filing a transcript under this section shall file the transcript no later than the date upon which the party first cites to, quotes from or relies upon the transcript in any document filed with the office.
††††† (3) Failure to file transcript. Failure to file any transcript cited, quoted or otherwise relied upon in a document filed with the office shall be grounds for striking all or part of such motion, memorandum, pleading or other document.
††††† Section 16. Agreed Orders. All agreed orders entered into which resolve any claim or part of a claim in a case pending before a hearing officer shall be tendered to the office for acknowledgement by the hearing officer before being presented to the secretary, and shall contain thereon a signature line for the hearing officer. The filing of an agreed order in accordance with this section shall not relieve the parties from compliance with the provisions of Section 11 of this administrative regulation. (21 Ky.R. 720; Am. 1095; 1463; eff. 12-12-94.)