302 KAR 20:052. Animal Carcass Composting.


      RELATES TO: KRS 257.010, 257.160(1)-(2)


      NECESSITY, FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS 257.160(3) authorizes the State Board of Agriculture to promulgate administrative regulations to implement KRS 257.160. KRS 257.160(1)(f) allows disposal of animal carcasses by composting if the disposal is performed in an approved facility and according to the board’s administrative regulations. This administrative regulation establishes required procedures for animal carcass composting.


      Section 1. Definitions. (1) "Agriculture operation" is defined by KRS 224.71-100(1).

      (2) "Animal" means fish and any member of the equine, ovine, bovine, porcine, caprine, bison, cervidae, camelid, ratite, and avian species.

      (3) "Compost" is defined by KRS 257.010(6).

      (4) "Owner" is defined by KRS 257.010(14).


      Section 2. Registration Required. (1) Except as provided in subsection (5) of this section, all persons or entities operating a composting facility shall register with the State Veterinarian.

      (2) Registration shall include the name and address of the compost owner, the location of the composting facilities, and a description of the facilities.

      (3) All animal composting facilities shall be subject to inspection by the State Veterinarian or his representative.

      (4) Any animal carcasses not composted shall be disposed of in a manner consistent with KRS 257.160.

      (5) Registration of composting facilities shall not be required for an agriculture operation, if composting is not for a commercial purpose.


      Section 3. Composting Facilities. (1) All composting facilities shall be constructed to meet:

      (a) Guidelines established by the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service publication "On-Farm Composting of Animal Mortalities: ID-166"; and

      (b) The requirements of the Kentucky Agriculture Water Quality Plan.

      (2) All processing of dead animals shall be done within the composting facility.

      (3) Hazardous materials shall not be used in the composting procedure.

      (4) Reasonable and cost-effective efforts shall be taken to prevent odor, insects, and pests. All carcasses shall be inaccessible to scavengers, livestock, and live poultry.

      (5) Ruminant animals may have the rumen vented prior to composting.


      Section 4. Incorporation by Reference. (1) The following material is incorporated by reference:

      (a) University of Kentucky College of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service publication "On-Farm Composting of Animal Mortalities: ID-166", 2-2008; and

      (b) Kentucky Agriculture Water Quality Plan (October 1996, revised May 1999).

      (2) This material may be inspected, copied, or obtained, subject to applicable copyright law, at the Kentucky Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Health, 100 Fair Oaks, Frankfort, Kentucky 40601, Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (28 Ky.R. 2120; Am. 2332; eff. 5-16-2002; 36 Ky.R. 1331; 1922; eff. 3-5-2010; 38 Ky.R. 1216; 1562; eff. 4-6-12.)