201 KAR 14:085. Sanitation requirements.
RELATES TO: KRS 317.410, 317.440
STATUTORY AUTHORITY: KRS 317.410, 317.440
NECESSITY, FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: Sanitation requirements.
Section 1. Any barber, apprentice barber, student barber, manicurist or instructor of barbering suffering from any contagious diseases or conditions shall not be allowed to practice in this state. No person suffering from a contagious disease or condition shall be rendered service by any barber, apprentice barber, student barber, manicurist, or instructor of barbering in the state.
Section 2. All barber shops or barber schools, together with all furniture, equipment, tools, utensils, floors, walls, ceilings, restrooms, supply rooms, adjoining rooms and manicuring instruments shall at all times be kept in a clean and sanitary condition.
Section 3. Each operator engaged in scalp work of any kind must have at least six (6) combs at his or her disposal and more are recommended. Each work stand shall have a bottle of alcohol (ethyl alcohol - seventy (70) percent) and cotton on same for the purpose of cleaning scissors, razors, clippers, and all instruments before and after being used on a customer.
Section 4. Any barber, manicurist, student, or instructor shall wash his or her hands in soap and water before beginning work on any and each patron or person.
Section 5. At least one (1) covered waste receptacle for every two (2) chairs must be provided in each barber shop or barber school for the deposit of soiled towels. An additional waste receptacle for each two (2) chairs must be provided for deposit of used paper products.
Section 6. (1) Towels shall not be used for more than one (1) operation. Towels not sent to a steam laundry must be boiled in water. Laundry work in shop or school is prohibited in the room where barber service is rendered. Drying of towels or linens on lines or radiators in schools or shops is prohibited.
(2) The headrest of each chair must be provided with a clean towel or sheet of clean paper for each patron.
(3) A strip of cotton, towel or paper must be placed around the patron's neck so that the chair cloth does not come in contact with the skin of the neck. Such papers, towel or cloth must be discarded after use on a patron.
Section 7. The use of powder puffs, sponges, lump alum and styptic pencils is prohibited.
Section 8. Razors, scissors, tweezers, combs, rubber discs and parts of vibrators and all other utensils, appliances or anything that comes in contact with the head, face, neck or hands, must be washed with hot water and soap and disinfected, and then placed in a dry sterilizer until again used. Only such methods of disinfection as are bacteriologically effective and approved by the Secretary of the Human Resources Cabinet shall be permitted. The secretary has approved the following methods of disinfection:
(1) Dry disinfection.
(a) Formaldehyde gas has a place in disinfecting valuable articles, but it has no penetrating power and is limited in its action to the surface. Further it requires a temperature of sixty-five (65) degrees Fahrenheit or over and a humidity of at least sixty (60) percent to be effective. Exposure of at least six (6) to twelve (12) hours in a small type cabinet to strong concentration of the gas is necessary to achieve surface disinfection. Formaldehyde gas cannot be depended upon to accomplish more than surface disinfection under optimistic conditions.
(b) Dry heat and temperature of 338 degrees Fahrenheit continued for one (1) hour will destroy all form of bacterial life. It is easy to maintain this temperature in an appliance of special construction known as a hot air or dry wall sterilizer. The ordinary household cooking oven is as good as any special contrived appliance for the disinfection of small articles by dry heat. In the absence of a thermometer, it is usual to heat the oven to a point necessary to brown cotton and expose the object for at least one (1) hour to this heat.
(2) Liquid disinfection.
(a) Carbolic acid and phenol are useful disinfectants in five (5) percent solutions (seven (7) ounces to one (1) gallon of water) with exposure for one-half (1/2) hour. They are effective against all ordinary harmful bacteria.
(b) Sodium Hypochlorite solutions made up from commercial preparations and containing 200 ppm of chlorine are effective for the surface disinfection of equipment that has been thoroughly cleaned. Contact with the solution should not be for less than two (2) minutes.
(c) A ten (10) percent solution for Formalin is satisfactory for disinfection of all equipment. Formalin does not attack copper, nickel, zinc, or other metal substances.
(d) A seventy (70) percent solution of alcohol is an effective disinfectant for cleaning equipment.
(e) Instruments are to be disinfected by boiling water and should be boiled at least fifteen (15) minutes. (One (1) percent alkaline substance, such as carbonate of soda, will prevent rusting or injury to the cutting edge of bright steel instruments.)
(f) Steam sterilization at fifteen (15) pounds pressure at 248 degrees Fahrenheit for thirty (30) minutes is an effective means of sterilization. Steaming steam has the same disinfecting power as boiling water and exposure for one-half (1/2) hour to steaming steam is sufficient for most purposes. (KBB:San-1; 1 Ky.R. 726; eff. 6-24-75; Am. 10 Ky.R. 895; eff. 2-1-84.)