201 KAR 12:100. Sanitation standards.

 

      RELATES TO: KRS 317A.060, 317B.020(3)

      STATUTORY AUTHORITY: KRS 317A.130, 317B.020(3)

      NECESSITY, FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS 317A.060 and 317B.020(3) authorize the Kentucky State Board of Hairdressers and Cosmetologists to regulate the practice of cosmetology, nail technology, and esthetics in Kentucky and establish uniform standards for sanitation. This administrative regulation establishes sanitation standards for all facilities.

 

      Section 1. General Sanitation. The entire licensed facility, including all equipment, employees, and implements contained in the facility, shall be continually maintained in a sanitary manner.

 

      Section 2. Methods of Sanitizing. (1) Any implements to be used on the public shall be sanitized. Each method of sanitation shall be bacteriologically effective.

      (2) A commercially prepared sanitizing agent shall be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

 

      Section 3. Disinfection of Implements and Spills; Blood and Body Fluids.(1) Each implement and surface shall first be thoroughly cleaned prior to disinfection.

      (a) Disinfectants shall be prepared fresh daily and each time the solution becomes diluted or soiled.

      (b) Contact Time. To clean a surface, it shall be left wet or completely immersed for ten (10) minutes or longer as required by the manufacturer for disinfecting against HIV, HBV, and all other viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

      (2) All used implements shall first be cleaned of visible dirt, debris, or bodily fluids with warm soapy, detergent water and then disinfected by completely immersing in an appropriate disinfectant.

      (a) All non-porous implements that come into contact with intact skin shall be thoroughly cleaned before immersion in an appropriate disinfectant. An appropriate disinfectant for objects that come into contact with intact skin shall be:

      1. An Environmental Protection Agency registered, hospital grade bactericidal (especially pseudomonacidal), virucidal, and fungicidal that is mixed and used according to the manufacturer’s directions; or

      2. Household bleach in a ten (10) percent solution for ten (10) minutes.

      (b) All non-porous implements which have come in contact with blood or body fluids shall be thoroughly cleaned before immersion in an appropriate disinfectant. An appropriate disinfectant shall include:

      1. Environmental Protection Agency registered tuberculocides or products registered against HIV/HBV; or

      2. Household bleach in a ten (10) percent solution for ten (10) minutes.

      (c) For personal protection against blood-borne pathogens, cleanup shall be done wearing protective gloves and gowns. Eye protection shall be used for large spills.

      (d) All implements that have come in contact with blood or body fluids shall be disinfected by complete immersion in an appropriate disinfectant.

      (3) Any non-porous surface that comes in contact with blood or body fluids shall first be cleaned with warm soapy, detergent water, and then an appropriate disinfectant shall be used.

      (a) An appropriate disinfectant for surfaces that have come in contact with blood or body fluids shall include:

      1. Environmental Protection Agency registered tuberculocides or products registered against HIV/HBV; or

      2. Household bleach in a ten (10) percent solution for ten (10) minutes.

      (b) For personal protection against blood-borne pathogens, cleanup shall be done wearing protective gloves and gowns. Eye protection shall be used for large spills.

      (4) Household bleach may be used as an effective disinfectant for all purposes in a salon or school, with the considerations listed in this subsection.

      (a) Bleach solutions shall be mixed daily and used in a ten (10) to one (1) solution, nine (9) parts tap water and one (1) part bleach.

      (b) Bleach shall be kept in a closed covered container and not exposed to sunlight.

      (c) Bleach may produce eye irritation or mouth, esophageal, and gastric burns.

      (d) Bleach is corrosive to metals.

      (e) Bleach vapors might react with vapors from other chemicals, and therefore shall not be placed or stored near other chemicals used in salons (i.e. acrylic monomers, alcohol, other disinfecting products), or near a flame.

      (f) Used or soiled bleach solution shall be discarded every day by pouring the solution down a sink basin or toilet bowl.

      (5) A bottle container other than the original manufacturer`s container used for application of appropriate disinfectant shall be properly labeled as to contents, percentage solution, and date mixed.

      (6) Cleanup items from minor cuts shall be double bagged or placed in biohazard containers. A licensee shall consult with the local health department for directions about disposal.

      (7) All Food and Drug Administration designated "medical devices" shall only be disinfected by appropriate Environmental Protection Agency approved disinfectants.

      (8) Environmental Protection Agency approved disinfectants are indicated by their registration number on the product label and the manufacturer’s directions for use shall always be followed.

 

      Section 4. Shampoo Bowls. All shampoo bowls, shampoo boards, cups, or similar items shall be sanitized after each use.

 

      Section 5. Proper Protection of Neck. (1) A shampoo apron, hair cloth, or similar article shall not be placed directly against the neck of the patron, and shall be kept from direct contact with the patron by means of a paper neck band or clean towel.

      (2) A neck band of paper or cloth shall not be used more than once.

      (3) A towel shall not be used more than once without proper laundering.

 

      Section 6. Use of Creams. (1) A cream or other semi-solid substance shall be removed from its container with a clean sanitized spatula.

      (2) A spatula made of a washable nonabsorbent material shall be sanitized before being used again.

      (3) A spatula made of wood shall be discarded after one (1) use.

 

      Section 7. Use of Styptics. Styptics to arrest bleeding shall be used only in liquid or powder form and shall be applied by clean gauze, cotton, or any other sanitary item.

 

      Section 8. Special Solution Containers. Product containers shall be used to prevent the contamination of unused solution.

 

      Section 9. Use of Powder. Powder shall be dispensed from a shaker or similar receptacle and shall be applied with a disposable puff or cotton pledget, or other disposable applicator.

 

      Section 10. Walls and Floors. Walls, floors, and fixtures shall be sanitary and kept clean at all times.

 

      Section 11. Proper Laundering Methods. (1) All cloth towels, robes, and similar items shall be laundered in a washing machine with laundry detergent and chlorine bleach used according to the manufacturer’s directions for sanitation purposes.

      (2) A closed, dustproof cabinet shall be provided for clean towels and linen, and a closed, dustproof hamper or receptacle shall be provided for all soiled towels and linens.

 

      Section 12. Personal Hygiene. (1) Every person licensed or permitted by the board shall thoroughly cleanse his or her hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based handrub immediately before serving each patron.

      (2) Each licensee shall wear a clean washable outer garment while serving a patron in a salon.

      (3) An instrument or implement shall not be carried or stored in a pocket, belt, apron, or smock. (KBHC:San-1; 1 Ky.R. 1399; Am. 2 Ky.R. 144; eff. 8-13-1975; 5 Ky.R. 806; 970; eff. 6-6-79; 16 Ky.R. 1609; eff. 4-12-90; 20 Ky.R. 1031; 1781; eff. 1-10-94; 30 Ky.R. 1332; 1917; eff. 2-16-2004; 40 Ky.R. 382; 1032; eff. 12-6-2013.)